Plate 17

MERCViUVS AVLICVS,

Comniunicatinf;ilie Intelligence and affaires of t!ie Court, to the reft of the Kinudusu. The f«rtie ftxtk yyetKe, tndnt* Novcmb. 19.

Sua Dtr Vimtitli

E hivethiidiy ¿¡(covered the w»y ".tilth the, ftBitm intend fot lleft'tmiuon ot theT nit-fiat Xthru*, not to oppofttianto the Br,», „fit Mi Jtf.itn, for they ptotftfeto be the

1 atroer.and love the litter >11 btiido the run* 1 .— tut in 1 litre com pi J J net (0 LAtthmtt hira-telte t in prefettition whereol.thc Eirie ol StamM fScfoce he beftowed E'tttr on Priiire M*u*ie* ) tuoLe dirm Tmrtn oat oi Laufi** C«*» wh*ti w ere committed th». ¡herlor diren pinoci wbbof • by ^ . WW

into the fcrv.ee mine ;ie;enucu «"W""- 7— fitient to ctinfietbefe tender conic icr.ced T~*t>, ^ «*

were driftenod) to fech te -.W.me h^i-htmoft littbw whether theft »vmcnuw oi 1 u ou.w te.XS-«»hitKindeoi lihil-iientf < fcM*» K into the Church ol Mrf 1 !«« '»Or®" H^Xhokid openly*ilireC^ner.th«^C ; -

Vvnv nc

iyoori»pl«ct, Ant fellow,, h*ftmf HmtM by llipi* to. bag theynrtwid kft 00 borne mm n.

But tfcj* Nc*».*en owft need, Soldi* dill, who rh» week by. 1.71*11 N*»ttftle/~r »Ltttf irHmMa-

W"f~ff1>h whUkLnirrwm uitrrttnJr,ti m I*( Ctyr CwKih,(it vu ind .0 the Clofc Committee be I are it w» intercepted.) ». Tiur

MM Brittol mi mtM,H**0 tht fv/Ziw^fiwI yet 700 &y they «re ill Ktiwb.) 1.7** '*» Gtrrift» tf Pltmsouth 1m t*ks* * f rr« <r« t, A« C*v*iMTt tmZtJ Mtnnt Samfotd, fth»t u, theCi»ilienh*Ye taken it (be Girritbn.) 4. Thu Su- Wilium Vkiliei hm. •mtij t m* mtm UfM; hurt *r BjQng, (the rril Wife nuyvd 11U killed out.rioht. f. ThtimMjmrmtf^ajLifmif^m dtin if ih/'u ift)u(, itfiti, , {tbii ¿/«v» never rest nor toted bjr the Mtmim.) Rjt inwther oew Itne-uReoter, ueiiiercJ in hifte, vrho aiti hunftlte the K im 0 d o» i 1 Wdckit Poit; wJ he ft yet (a.) Tku ikt T^h.mt.tr Xtrthrt*, t^rmj i. dt lap ,8oco fri n.-t ihs lame

Xvffo of the Ptff) y, Tbttu, Tai'fitrf l*fi,4» London CdVJtttT! rrihtd tht Fixncti AmtmfiiAnr , , tbokCaviiictt hid Wondrom O.ori hure.) 8. Tk*tfimt *f Am**$*dtmri ?t*ttmili*M»i*MitmrtJ, (ycl, u'ruulooke ingmtU. Hstt.) 9. Tint Su WilJiun Waller Uf n,l} thtt, mr.st tht fitJft </Bifing, fwtre ¡di rhe refl Apei.'j re Thru 1000 Kcm 1 ihdKn nft. mf it nUtvt Su- Williim Wliter, rthu'« hilfci Lye. fjt -.b-'ugh need ttiitft, the Men not rifen op.) I l-T*ii tht Nrm AftmHjftti m w>i.>m*»fijJ\hK 1». ihcyuciUCffmunrj.^ tj. TbsttktjwtittvUJt thtir ClWIIWJfcr 1» ihr ¡rrd A'*M Ch-lfiiAmi m rrf m ,f ti,^. f'<*<>, (yei iuefy.iiwry wiil do othtn 11 much good utivn-fdrei; cipcciiliy it theii emiafitm.) 1 j. «/f«*/ir; tftht Cmulmrt M Bw.ii; C*Jttr if St.

Williim Wilier, lonely two toinitxvi Souklrtii, who ire mtttf fu/ny, caffljuicd to your Crmmn.tdttt,\ 14. Tint tht InDi itilj U BrilloJ w.i t.^lifli Ch,fi,.

f'S" I'V^W1- " b'h '>* ."¡'ttfGU mil futttr ihtm 1 O Sk, now you ire your Ji i you ireinRry.

Mercunus A u/icus, rssue 46

Mercuriui Aulicus. issue 46: one propaganda news-sheet criticizing another)

WTiitecoats rushed to the defence of the Manor. Had the other generals been cold and mounted diversionary* attacks, the assault might have succeeded; as it was it served only to dispirit further the investing army which was now suffering from sickness and hearing rumours of the approach of Rupert with a strong relief force,

Rupert made for Lancashire upon leaving Oxford, gathering a force with which to relieve York; he had about 6,000 foot and 2,000 horse when he left Shrewsbury on 16 May, but after capturing Liverpool and relieving Lathom House, still defended by the Countess of Derby, he was joined on 30 May by Goring with 5,000 of Newcastle's horse and 800 foot, and a few days later received a further 500 foot from Derbyshire. Around York, the besieging generals received Sir Henry Vane, an emissary from the Committee of Both Kingdoms, urging them to divide their forces and recover Lancashire (and. perhaps, it gave Vane an opportunity of canvassing the generals about the establishment of a republic when the King was beaten, but this is uncertain). Wisely, the generals decided that as Rupert was obviously coming to them, their forces should remain united and await him.

On 14 June Charles I wrote a somewhat ambiguous letter to Rupert, in which the instructions even now arc not completely clear. The significant part read:

// York be lost t shall esteem my erotert little less; unless supported by your sudden march to me; and a miraculous conquest in the South, be/ore the effects of their ¿VorfArrrf potver can be found here. But if York be relieved, and you beat the rebels'army of both kingdoms, which are before it; then f but othertvise not J 1 may possibly make a shift Iupon the defensive / to spin out time until you come to assist me.

It is clear that the relief of York was uppermost in the

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