Plate

42 Pikeman. bluecoat regt.. Royalist foot 1642

43 Pikeman, whitecoat regt.. Royalist foot 1642

44 Musketeer, redcoat regt.. Royalist foot 1642

The bluecoat pikeman weais armour of 'sanguined' or 'rustaud' metal, rustproofing like the black enamelling often shown in contemporary pictures The breast- and backplates are not attached by the usual strap, boiled to each side of ihe back plate and buckled at the Iront, but by hasp-and-stapfe fittings at the bottom edges, similar to Ihe fixing of the shoulder-scales to the breastplate He carries a knapsack. apparently an 'issue' item as early as 1626. and which (sometimes under its alternative name, 'snap-sack') is mentioned frequently in contemporary documents, containing spare clothing as well as four or five days' provisions when available daily two pound of Bread, one pound of Flesh, or in lieu of it. one pound of Cheese, one pottle of Wine, or in lieu of it. two pottles of Beer li is enough, crys the Soldiers, we desire no more ...*'.

The whitecoat exemplifies the shortages which beset the Royal army, though Clarendon's comment that not one complete corselet existed m the army seems an exaggeration However, many regiments were chronically ill-equipped, the man illustrated having no defensive armour save a buff-coat and a leather cap reinforced with tron bands, like a secrete' in reverse, on the outside of the cap instead of inside

The redcoat wears a uniform suit and Royalist hat band: his musket has an old-fashroned stock and small trigger, a style dating from the first decades of the ceniury Such might have been the dress of the King's Lifeguard at Edgebitt. a redcoat regiment raised in Lincolnshire and recruited with Derbyshire miners and Cheshire men, and not a selected élite as its title might suggest

NOTES 1 Turner, p.

King Lifeguard

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