Chancellorsville Phase 1 april 26may 11863

• morrisville

Morale in the Federal Army of the Potomac rose with the appointment of Joseph Hooker to command. Hooker reorganized the army and formed a cavalry corps. He wanted to strike at Lee's army while a sizable portion was detached under Longstreet in the Suffolk area. The Federal commander left a substantial force at Fredericksburg to tie Lee to the hills where Burnside had been defeated. Another Union force disappeared westward, crossed the Rapidan and Rappahannock rivers, and converged on Fredericksburg from the west. The Federal cavalry would open the campaign with a raid on Lee's line of communications with the Confederate capital at Richmond. Convinced that Lee would have to retreat, Hooker trusted that his troops could defeat the Confederates as they tried to escape his trap.

On April 29, Hooker's cavalry and three army corps crossed Kelly's Ford. His columns split, with the cavalry pushing to the west while the army corps secured Ger-manna and Ely's fords. The next day these columns reunited at Chancellorsville. Lee reacted to the news of the Federals in the Wilderness by sending General Richard H. Anderson's division to investigate. Finding the Northerners massing in the woods around Chancellorsville; Anderson com-

Stoneman's Union raiders cross the Rappahannock at Kelly's Ford (below). Stoneman's efforts were acclaimed by the Washington press at a time when news of Union success was much neededbut though the raids accomplished their immediate goals, the division of his forces would cost Hooker dear.

(T) April 26: Federal I and VI Corps cross the river and demonstrate against Lee's Fredericksburg defenses

(z) April 27: Federal V, XI and XII Corps concentrate, preparing to move upriver

(3) April 29: Federals cross Kelly's Ford against slight opposition before splitting their columns

Q4) April29:Meade'sVCorpssecures Ely's Ford during the evening

(5) April 29: Howard's XI Corps and Slocum's XII Corps cross Germanna Ford during the evening

(J) April 30: Sykes's division of V

Corps uncovers U.S. Ford for the two Federal corps to cross

(^jj April 30: Hooker reunites the right wing of the Army of the Potomac i somerville

• morrisville

(T) April 26: Federal I and VI Corps cross the river and demonstrate against Lee's Fredericksburg defenses

(z) April 27: Federal V, XI and XII Corps concentrate, preparing to move upriver

(3) April 29: Federals cross Kelly's Ford against slight opposition before splitting their columns

Q4) April29:Meade'sVCorpssecures Ely's Ford during the evening

(5) April 29: Howard's XI Corps and Slocum's XII Corps cross Germanna Ford during the evening

(J) April 30: Sykes's division of V

Corps uncovers U.S. Ford for the two Federal corps to cross

(^jj April 30: Hooker reunites the right wing of the Army of the Potomac i somerville

Stoneman's Union raiders cross the Rappahannock at Kelly's Ford (below). Stoneman's efforts were acclaimed by the Washington press at a time when news of Union success was much neededbut though the raids accomplished their immediate goals, the division of his forces would cost Hooker dear.

4 Miles

Immediately after his appointment, Hooker concentrated upon reorganizing and disciplining bis demoralized troops. His success was reflected in the efficient crossing of the Rapidan and Rappahannock rivers (above).

Hartwood

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