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Neiu Hope Church

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May 20-21:"Join$ton places army in position impregnable to frontal attack at AUatfiana powder1

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May 23-24: Shermarfcrosse&Etowah in two columns and advances tdward^..-..-" Marietta .

May 25: Johnston blocks Sherman's flanking move at Dallas and New Hope Church

May 27: Howard tries to turn Johnston's right flank at Pickett's Mill, but'is repulsed (see map left)

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May 28: Hardee's corps and Armstrong's cavalry brigade bungle attack on the XV Corps east of Dallas (see map, far left)

May 31 - June 6: Sherman falls back to Acworth and railroad

June 10-19: Sherman advances through rain and mud to area north and west of Kennesaw Mountain

June 12: Polk killed on Pine Mountain

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only succeeded in turning Johnston's left flank. This accomplished, he retreated in early July to a previously prepared fortified line on the north bank of the Chattahoochee.

Once again, Sherman resorted to a flanking maneuver, ordering sections of his army to cross the Chattahoochee at various points above the Confederate position. Johnston responded by falling back across the river and withdrawing to the outskirts of Atlanta.

Sherman had breached the last major natural barrier between him and his objective; his army, despite hardships and hard fighting, was now stronger than the Confederate army. Thus, Johnston's professed strategy of wearing down the Federals until they were weak enough to be attacked successfully, was not succeeding.

Attacking strong Confederate entrenchments at Kennesaw Mountain, the Federals were able to seize only the outposts, and continued assaults resulted in high casualties while relatively few were inflicted (see map left).

"XV7Tithin the space of about one W acre... were over seven hundred dead men, all Yanks, and most of them within ten or fifteen yards of our line. Our men, as it seems, reserved their fire until they came within such deadly range that every shot took effect... I shudder as I think of the mutilated forms."

A Confederate participant in the battle of New Hope Church.

Confederate fortifications surrounding Atlanta were formidable, consisting of a network of forts, breastworks, ditches and cbevaux-de-frise (below). Unable to contemplate a direct assault, Sherman had no option but to prepare for a siege.

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Confederate fortifications surrounding Atlanta were formidable, consisting of a network of forts, breastworks, ditches and cbevaux-de-frise (below). Unable to contemplate a direct assault, Sherman had no option but to prepare for a siege.

July 5: Johnston establishes a new line on the north bank of the Chartshooeïtee

July 8-9: Federal XXIIi Carps and cavalry cross the Chattahoochee. Johnston withdraws to outskirts of Atlanta

Union troops prepare to continue the assault upon Kennesaw Mountain, June 27 (above1. The battle was brief, fierce and decisive. Union casualties were particularly high as the attack was directed uphill against well prepared Confederate fortifications, enabling the defenders to take careful and deadly aim.

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U'ntain*

To Atlanta

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