Irrows

MOREHEAt

Lumberton

ELtZABEJH'TOWN / WHITESVK.LE

(7$' April 17-18: Sherman and Johnston meet L at Bennett House near Durham Station and sign agreement providing lor disbandment of all Confederate forces camden t' firl Fuller

1 Florence ^ effingham

F<nl Johnston

April 26: His April IS agreement with ' Johnston haviEWd rejected by President Andrew Johnston, Sherman again meets a: the Bennett House with Johnston who surrenden his army on iime terms Grant gave Lee at Appomattox

Fort Cuxwr/l

Orangeburg

Branchville

Jacksonboro __

BEAfFORI-

The whole army is burning with an insatiable desire to wreak vengeance upon South Carolina. I almost tremble at her fate but feel that she deserves all that seems in store for her."

Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman.

Bentonville, lasting from March 19-21, during which Johnston crumpled Slocum's left flank before withdrawing to escape entrapment by Federal reinforcements. The Confederates suffered over 2,600 casualties; the Federals about 1,500.

On March 23 Sherman joined Schofield at Goldsboro, thereby increasing his strength to nearly 100,000 men. Faced with these overwhelming odds, Johnston's only hope was for his force and Lee's to join for a last, desperate stand. With Lee's surrender at Appomattox on April 9, that hope disintegrated, and Johnston entered into negotiations with Sherman that ultimately led to the surrender of his own army at Dunham Station on April 26.

Like Sherman's march to the sea, the Carolinas Campaign was spectacular, although unlike the march, it served no essential military purpose. Had Grant adhered to his original plan of transferring Sherman's army to Virginia by sea, in all probability the war would have ended no later than February 1865.

The charred ruins of the city of Columbia (below). The exact cause of the fire ivhich destroyed two-fifths of the city is unknown. Sherman blamed Wade Hampton's retreating Confederates who had set fire to bales of cotton, but most Southerners held Sherman's troops responsible and stated that, "for four hours they were seen with combustibles firing house after house"

A Union battery in one of Petersburg's captured forts (above). The Union artillery bad undoubtedly inflicted far more considerable damage than that of the Confederates, and the ground within the fortifications was found to be honeycombed with the effects of the shot.

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