Km

Confederate reinforcements arrive by rail to support Braxton Bragg's advance (above). Although the regional rail network was in poor condition it proved an essential supply route, vital for Bragg's intended maneuvers.

Confederate reinforcements arrive by rail to support Braxton Bragg's advance (above). Although the regional rail network was in poor condition it proved an essential supply route, vital for Bragg's intended maneuvers.

Sept 10; Bragg orders attack on isolated Union units in McLemore's Cove; the plan fails and Union forces are able to withdraw

Alarmed by Confederate attempt to isolate part of his forces, Rosecrans orders a concentration in the valley of West Chickamauga Creek

Sept 19, early am: Opposing patrols collide, precipitating the batde of Chickamauga vjr ft od bless the gallant fellows, not one man intoxicated, not one rude word did I hear. It was a strange sight. What seemed miles of platform cars, and soldiers rolled in their blankets lying in rows... In their grey blankets packed in regular order, they looked like swathed mummies."

A Southern matron upon viewing the reinforcements advancing by rail to support Bragg.

I had my horse to leap from the train, mounted with one arm in a sling, and about 3pm, joined our forces ... in line of battle... in a short time we arrived at Reed's Bridge, across the Chickamauga, and discerned the Federals drawn up in battle array beyond the bridge, which they had partially destroyed. I ordered some... artillery to open fire... our opponents quickly retreated. We repaired the bridge, and continued to advance."

4 Miles

"'The Rock of Chickamauga". Maj. Gen. George Thomas (below). A total rout of Rosecrans's army was only prevented by Thomas's insistence upon a reinforcement of the Union left and the spirit of resistance with which he inspired his men.

With neither side aware of the precise position of its opponent, Thomas sent a division forward to reconnoiter the Chickamauga (above). The advancing Federals drove back Forrest's Cavalry, but were in turn hard hit by two of Walker's Confederate divisions. The battle swung back and forth, losses were high, but the results by nightfall were negligible.

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