Port Hudson Campaign may 8 july 91863

By the spring of 1863, Confederate General Franklin Gardner had transformed Port Hudson into a bastion more formidable than Vicksburg. Hoping to achieve a bloodless victory, Admiral Farragut and General Banks, from March 14 until May 7, attempted to force Gardner to abandon Port Hudson by severing his supply line with the Trans-Mississippi. When this strategy failed, Banks began his encirclement of Port Hudson. Three Federal divisions moved down the Red River to strike from the north, while two others advanced from Baton Rouge and New Orleans to attack from the east and south. By May 22, Banks's 30,000 Federal troops and Farragut's fleet had isolated Gardner's 7,500 men.

Terrain, vague orders, and uncooperative senior officers prevented the five Federal divisons from attacking simultaneously on May 27 Federal troops first struck the fortifications opposite the Confederate left. Reinforcements from the center enabled defenders to repulse the assaults along Little Sandy Creek. The fighting in this sector ended three hours before Sherman's and Augur's divisions assailed the Confederate center This delay enabled Gardner to abandon his center to reinforce his left without weitzel

Dense Swamp /Ca w Brakty

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