The Road to Appomattox april 29 is65

After evacuating Richmond and Petersburg during the night of April 2-3, Confederate forces moved on multiple routes toward a junction at Amelia Court House on the Richmond and Danville Railroad. There Lee hoped to be resupplied before marching south into North Carolina to join General Jospeh Johnston's forces. Reaching Amelia on April 5, Lee united his columns but found no rations. He also learned that Grant's vigorous pursuit had placed large forces across his path near Jetersville, eight miles west of Amelia. Looping around the Federal concentration in an exhausting night march, Lee continued westward toward Farmville on the South Side Railroad. There he hoped to be supplied by rail from Lynchburg. Grant followed, sending II and VI Corps behind the Confederates while the cavalry and the V Corps, plus elements of the Army of the James, attempted to turn Lee's pressed the rear of Lee's dwindling army. Surrounded at last by overwhelming force, Lee opened negotiations with Grant which resulted in the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia at Appomattox Court House on the afternoon of April 9, 1865. This surrender brought the war in Virginia to an end.

Robert E. Lee photographed at his Richmond home in the uniform which he had worn when surrendering the Army of Northern Virginia a few days earlier (right). Lee disliked being photographed and the scarcity of likenesses had resulted in his being represented in newspapers throughout the war as dark haired and, apart from a black mousfilchej clean shaven. Such portrayals were; based upon the general's appearance when be was iJ professor at West Point.

The McLean house at Appomatox, The house was owned by Wilmer McLean who soon regretted having lent bis home since souvenir-hunters quickly stripped it after the signing of the peace (below).-

southern flank. On April 6 at SaylerVCreek, .^Pampim-S east of Farmville, Lee's rearguard w.is Sla"m smashed by II and VI Corps. This action host the Confederates more than 7,000 casualties and many of their wagons; Federal losses amounted to 1,180 men. Lee found rations at Farmville, but the rapid Federal pursuit prevented him from turning south toward North Carolina. Instead, he was forced to cross to the north bank of the Appomattox River and continue his retreat westward. Unable to prevent his pursuers from also crossing the stream, he was forced to halt briefly at Cumberland Church to repulse attacks by II Corps. Although necessary, this delay permitted Sheridan's cavalry and the Army of the James to gain ground freely south of the river. By the evening of April 8, Federal cavalry had reached Lee's rear at Appomattox Station and captured several trains filled with rations. On the following morning, Lee attempted to break through Sheridan's blockade, but failed when elements of the Army of the James arrived to support the cavalry. Simultaneously, units II Corps

The McLean house at Appomatox, The house was owned by Wilmer McLean who soon regretted having lent bis home since souvenir-hunters quickly stripped it after the signing of the peace (below).-

"T7 ach successive division ... halts, the I j men face inward toward us across the road, twelve feet away; then carefully 'dress' their line... lastly... they tenderly fold their flags, battle-worn and torn, bloodstained, heart-holding colors, and lay them down; some frenziedly rushing from the ranks... pressing them to their lips with burning tears. And only the flag of the Union greets the sky!"

Gen. Joshua L. Chamberlain describing the surrender of the Confederate army, April 12 , 186S.

multiple routes

April 4-5: The bulk of Confederate forces concentrate at Amelia Court House

April 5: Union forces arrive near Jettersville and block Confederate movement south along the railroad

' Richmond

„J^lTîateî Ôrd's Array of the James arrives at Burke

April 6; At the battle of sayler's Creek, Confederate rear guard-is cut off and GjOOO.men captured xxx

April 7: At the battle of Frmville, CdnfederatesTgpiilse Federal attack and •cross Appomattox fj\ AprilB,pm: Confederate Army concentrates at Appomattox Court House

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