rant must do with Lee what he did with Pemberton, he must outgeneral him and force him to fight him on his own ground. This all of us uninformed think he could accomplish by crossing the James and taking Richmond in the rear, and accordingly we are most eager that that should be done."

Capt. Charles F. Adams, Jr., attached to the staff of Gen. Meade.

The Courthouse in Petersburg (left), photographed before the Union advance upon the city. At the time the James was crossed, Petersburg was practically defenseless and open to a Union assault.

/O) June 12: Grant pr ^ the Potomac-101 Petersburg. II and revised siege line >

June 12: Meanwhi ^^ Malvern Hill area approaches to the

June 14: II Corps t ^^ bank of the James from Wilcox's Lan

^June 15: A massive ^^ completed across of the Federal anr

June 15: Federal d ^^ Lee focused on th James River

June 15: The Fede Petersburg

A pontoon bridge across the James River (right). The "^movement of the pontoon boats overland required six mules per boat, plus the assistance of innumerable \solâiêfs>ù>i?en poor weather conditions turned the roads mïp!:â 'moraès,, of mud.


issrwiik position, the remainder of the army passed behind it to the north bank of the James, where engineers were constructing a massive pontoon bridge. On June 14, II Corps crossed the James on boats, while XVIII Corps arrived at Bermuda Hundred. The remainder of Grant's forces crossed the river on the pontoon bridge on June 15 and 16. Throughout the entire movement, aggressive Federal diversionary tactics confused Lee and caused the Army of Northern Virginia to remain north of the James River. Weakly defended by elements of General Beauregard's small command, Petersburg seemed ripe for the taking.

IViinçtmill Wf/c'ox/1

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