Morell

From August 27 to the evening of the 28th, Pope's forces scoured the area looking for Jackson's elusive raiders. At 6 p.m. on the 28th, Jackson attacked a detached Federal brigade at Brawner's Farm. This fierce engagement of the Federal brigade - which later became known as the Iron Brigade -gave Pope a point on which to concentrate his forces and destroy Jackson. The Confederates prepared a strong defensive line, with their left at Sudley Springs and their right at Brawner's Farm. The infantry waited behind an unfinished railroad embankment, while the artillery took up a position behind them on Stony Ridge.

Pope attacked Jackson's line throughout August 29 Most of the assaults were small and uncoordinated. At 5 p.m. a Federal division captured a portion of the railroad, but was soon expelled by a vicious counterattack from A.P. Hill's Confederates. Un-

^ Aug 28: Jackson attacks Gibbon's lone i ' "" Federal brigade; Confederate Genitals' Taliaferro and Ewell are both wounded in . the action

Aug SO, 3.30pm: Lou'gstrce! spikes Pope's exposed left flajii. As the'Eederal list 1 {Apses, at&S?-' r-

2) Aug 29i Pope assaults different parts ijf. xxx

Jackson's lines without success. Kearny's ^ IS^I

Federals breai4Mif!fjM tap^im »Co&Mingl aa-

fT) Aug30,3-3.30pm: 10.000 federals,assault^ ^ U2SJ ----, .

Dudley / Mansion

Gen. Longstreet (above), whose unexpected and devastating attack almost succeeded in annihilating the Federal army on August 30.

Stonewall Jackson's weary troops refresh themselves with captured Union supplies at Manassas Junction on August 27 (left). Many of the Confederate soldiers were bootless and reduced to rags but their physical wretchedness did nothing to quell their optimism.

h, the horrid scenes around us! Brains, fractured skulls, broken arms and legs, and the human form mangled in every conceivable and inconceivable manner... The fugitives will not be rallied, but, broken and dismayed, are pursued by our victorious troops until darkness closes around."

A Confederate private on the disorganised retreat of the Union troops on August 30.

" ^ o long as the interests of our

O country are entrusted to a lying braggart like Pope, we have little reason to hope successfully to compete with an army led by Lee, Johnston and old 'Stonewall' Jackson."

A Union officer after Second Manassas.

The Union retreat became a disorganised flight, with the beaten troops ignoring the attempts of their officers to instil order and discipline (right). Recriminations were rife and Lincoln quickly decided to give command to Gen. George B. McClellan .

The Union retreat became a disorganised flight, with the beaten troops ignoring the attempts of their officers to instil order and discipline (right). Recriminations were rife and Lincoln quickly decided to give command to Gen. George B. McClellan .

Aug BO,. 5-6piri: Pope pieces together a makeshift defense on Chinh Ridge

SUDLEY Springs known to Pope, Lee and Longstreet - with 30,000 reinforcements - had marched through Thoroughfare Gap and joined Jackson during the day, extending the Confederate right.

On August 30, at 3 pm, 10, 000 Federals assaulted Jackson's position at the Deep Cut, and were decimated. As the surviving Federals fell back, Lee unleashed Longstreet on Pope's left. Pope tried to stave off disaster with a makeshift line at Chinn Ridge. When it collapsed under relentless Confederate pressure, the Federals pieced together one final defense on Henry Hill. These lines gave Pope the time he needed to evacuate his army across Bull Run creek.

For the next two days, Lee's Confederates pursued the retreating Federals. On September 1, amid a torrential thunderstorm, Jackson harried a portion of Pope's column at Chantilly. The Federals escaped into the Washington defenses, but Lee saw the way open for a move into Maryland. The Confederates lost 9,197 men at Second Manassas and the Federals 16,054.

Boastful, imprudent and^unpopular with his men, Brig. Gen. John Pope (right) proclaimed that he would have his "headquarters in the saddle"- - Confederate satirists declared that he was. placing his.headquarters where his hindquarters should be.

Civil War Battle Maps Gettysburg

Aug BO,. 5-6piri: Pope pieces together a makeshift defense on Chinh Ridge

(^2) Aug 30,6pm: "When Chinn Ridge falls to ^^^ the Confederates,sthe Federals make a final stand on Henry Hill

Pope orders the Federal army to retreat RIj"' across Bull Ru h heading for Centreville

SUDLEY Springs

Benson

Cu(shin<

Carter

Matthews a _

CO STAKKE O 90

ooop"

«tMatthews % Hill

Robinson W^

Brawtter'^Furm

Was this article helpful?

0 0

Post a comment