Tliat same night, the resr of the Confederate array evacuated the now untenable Atlanta, which was occupied by XX Corps on September 2. When he heard the news, Sherman telegraphed Washington: "Atlanta is ours, and fairly won," [hen fell back to the city, thus ending the campaign. During the campaign, both Federal and Confederate losses each totaled about 40,000.
By reviving sagging Union morale, the fall of Atlanta assured Lincoln's reelection in 1864. It also assured the Confederacy's ultimate defeat: at this stage of the war, it's only realistic hope of victory was that the Union would lose its will to continue the struggle.
The railroad-wrecking expeditions of Sherman's cavalry (above), led by Maj. Gen. H. J. Fitzpatrick were limited in their effectiveness as the rebel engineers proved themselves as capable as their Union counterparts at repairing damaged tracks.
Furious fighting continued at Jonesboro on September 1. Confederates suffered severe casualties until Hardee pulled back to Lovejoy's Station at nightfall (map left).
Confederate prisoners-of-war are marched back to the captured Atlanta (right) after their defeat at the \ Battle of Jonesboro.
Stone Mountain iecatur
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