The American Civil War saw a massive development in the use of field fortifications, the result of antebellum West Point teaching and the deadly impact of rifled infantry weapons and artillery. Both sides began to develop sophisticated systems of field fortification, and the larger field works and fortifications surrounding Washington and Richmond were redesigned and rebuilt several times. This book explores the role of land and field fortifications in the eastern and western campaigns. Particular attention is devoted to the nine-month siege of Petersburg, vividly describing daily life within the redoubts, lunettes, redans, bomb-proofs, trenches, and rifle pits.
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