Hampton Roads 1862

First clash of the Ironclads

The Ussex Ironclad

ustrated by Adam Hook

Angus Konstam

ANGUS KONSTAM is an experienced Osprey author with over 10 titles in print. He has long been associated with the sea, having served in the Royal Navy, practised underwater archaeology and curated a maritime museum. His understanding of the subject is based on years of study of maritime history, and intimate knowledge of the leading maritime museums on both sides of the Atlantic.

ADAM HOOK studied graphic design, and began his work as an illustrator in 1983. He specializes in detailed historical reconstructions, and has illustrated Osprey titles on the Aztecs, the Greeks, the American Civil War and the American Revolution. His work features in exhibitions and publications throughout the world.

First published in Great Britain in 2002 by Osprey Publishing, Elms Court, Chapel Way, Botley, Oxford OX2 9LP, United Kingdom. Email: [email protected]

© 2002 Osprey Publishing Ltd.

All rights reserved. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study, research, criticism or review, as permitted under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 1988, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, electrical, chemical, mechanical, optical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the copyright owner. Enquiries should be addressed to the Publishers.

ISBN 1 84176 410 8

Editor: Lee Johnson

Design: The Black Spot

Index by David Worthington

Maps by The Map Studio

3D bird's-eye views by The Black Spot

Originated by Magnet Harlequin, Uxbridge, UK Printed in China through World Print Ltd.

For a catalog of all books published by Osprey Military and Aviation please contact:

The Marketing Manager, Osprey Direct USA. c/o Motorbooks International, PO Box 1, Osceola, Wl 54020-0001, USA. Email: [email protected]

The Marketing Manager, Osprey Direct UK, PO Box 140, Wellingborough, Northants, NN8 4ZA. United Kingdom. Email: ¡[email protected]


Author's note:

The CSS Virginia was the name given by the Confederates to the ironclad they reconstructed from the remains of the wooden steam frigate USS Merrimack. In most official records, the ship shared the same spelling as the Merrimack River in Massachusetts, after which it was named. In many contemporary accounts, and in some official documentation, the ship was spelled Merrimac, with no "k". Both sides during the Civil War used this dual spelling. In this account, the frigate is referred to as Merrimac, as this has become the favored form of spelling. Merrimack is only used when it forms part of a quote that used that particular spelling. In this account, the ironclad that was built from its remains is called Virginia, even though many contemporaries on both sides still referred to her as the Merrimac(k).

Picture credits:

US Navy: US Naval Historical Collection, Washington Navy

Yard, Washington D.C. LoC: Library of Congress, Washington D.C. Mariners: Mariners Museum, Newport News, VA. Hensley: Clyde Hensley Collection, Jupiter Beach, FL. National Archives: National Archives, Washington D.C. LoV: Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA. Casemate: Casemate Museum, Fort Monroe, Hampton, VA. VWM: Virginia War Museum, Newport News, VA.

Artist's note

Readers may care to note that the original paintings from which the color plates in this book were prepared are available for private sale. All reproduction copyright whatsoever is retained by the Publishers. All enquiries should be addressed to:

Scorpio Gallery PO Box 475, Hailsham, East Sussex BN272SL UK


The Publishers regret that they can enter into no correspondence upon this matter.












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