What to do

1. Follow step one from the forage cap project for measuring your head and cutting felt.

2. Cut four strips of cardboard, each approximately 4 inches long by 5 inches wide.

3. Staple three of the four cardboard strips together lengthwise. Wrap this strip around your head snugly, so that the cardboard strips make a kind of cone shape. If it is too small, add another cardboard strip and measure again.

4. Glue the felt to the outside of the cardboard, covering it completely. Then refit the hat to your head and staple the ends together so that the cardboard ring fits snugly on your head.

5. The top of the fez is smaller than the headband. Make a circle out of cardboard that's about 4 inches in diameter. Cut a circle of felt about half an inch wider than the cardboard circle, and glue the two circles together. See the template on page 129.

glue tie knot glue tie knot

6. Poke a small hole in the center of the circle, and thread a tassel through the hole. Tie a knot in the end of the yarn on the inside, so when the top of the hat is glued to the sides, the tassel will be on the outside.

7. Now turn the hat over and fit the circle on to the top edge of the felt. Then put glue around the outside rim of the circle and lay the hat on the circle. Pull the ends of the circle around the hat so the glue has something to adhere to. If you're using sticky felt, you shouldn't have any problem making the circle stick to the sides of the hat felt.

know your slang hayfoot, strawfoot—command used to teach new soldiers the difference between left (hayfoot) and right (strawfoot)

Bummer's cap—regulation fatigue or forage cap

Bummer—a loafer, a forager, or someone safe in the rear

make like a zouave

Most Civil War soldiers who wore fezzes were part of Zouave units and wore the Zouave uniform. You can make a modified Zouave uniform by wearing baggy sweatpants stuffed into white sports socks, a solid color long-sleeve T-shirt, and a vest. You may feel like a clown, but many modern clown costumes—such as some Shriners wear—bear a striking similarity to the Zouave uniforms that militia units wore during the Civil War.


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