Equipment

According to the basic Federal artillery manual, each gun crew should have two sponges and rammers, two sponge covers, one worm and staff, two handspikes, one sponge bucket, one prolonge (a long line used to pull a gun to the rear without horses), one tar bucket, two leather water buckets, two gunner's haversacks, two tube pouches, one fuze gouge, one fuze wrench, one vent punch, one gunner's pincers, one tow hook, one pendulum hausse (essentially a gun's detachable rear sight), two thumbstalls, one priming wire, two lanyards, one gunner's gimlet, and one large tarpaulin. Each caisson should be equipped with a felling ax, a long handled shovel, a pickax, a spare handspike, a spare pole, a spare wheel, a fuze gouge, two tow hooks, a tar bucket, two leather watering buckets, and a large tarpaulin.

Confederates captured two James rifles from the 1st Connecticut l ight Battery near Charleston and, as typical of all armies, the commanding officer had to list eve 17 item lost to the enemy. His list gives a good idea of a well used battery forge, the essential equipment each gun crew actually brought to the Held: (Library of Congress) "2 6-Pdr. James Rifles -3.80"; 2 6-Pdr. carriages with limber chests; 4 sponges Sc rammers; 3 sponge covers; 1 worm & staff; 4 handspikes; 2 vent covers; 2 sponge buckets, tin; 2 prolongs; 2 gunners pincers; 3 tow hooks; 1 thumbs tall [one cannoneer obviously escaped]; 2 priming wires; 1 lanyards; 2 gunners gimlets; 2 fuze reamers; 2 fuze shears; 2 tompions; I tar bucket, tin; 2 watering buckets, leather; 1 set harness for two lead horses." Listed, but not mentioned in the official list, were the leather vent covers that were strapped around the tube to protect the weapon when not in use it, and a tompion to fit into each hore as further protection.

The same organization further listed equipment that had become unserviceable and its list indicates how long such equipment could be expected to fast in the field. An iron tar bucket, a lanyard, and a sponge and rammer lasted 28 months; a sponge cover was worn out in ten months; three rammer heads were worn out in 11 months; while 6 woolen sponges were worn out in four months.

Each field battery was also supplied with a traveling forge, complete with tools and materials required for shoeing horses and doing other necessary repairs, and a battery wagon on which a variety of carpenter's and saddler's tools were stored.

Gettysburg Horse Drawn Carriages

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