Glossary

Canister - a tin cylinder filled with iron balls attached to a sabot and powder bag used in anti-personnel tiring.

Cap-square - the iron fittings over a tube's trunnions which secured the tube to the carriage.

Cascabel - the knob on the end of a gun tube.

Case shot - hollow cast-iron shot with musket balls in the center designed as an anti-personnel Weapon.

Friction primer - a small tube filled with rifle powder inserted into the vent and fired by pulling a lanyard that drew a rough wire briskly through a friction composition to set off a spark and fire a cannon. Fuze gouge - a small knife-like device with a wooden handle used to set the cover on the Bormann fuse.

Gunner's level - a brass device much like a spirit level, designed to sit on top of a gun tube with a brass tube holding water with a bubble in it that indicates the angle at which the tube is sitting compared to the center of gravity.

Handspike - a wooden pole that was fitted into the pointing l ings at the base of a trail and used to move the piece f rom side to side as the gunner directed.

Lanyard - a rope with a hook at one end and a wooden handle at the other used to fire a friction primer.

limber chest - the ammunition chest, its name derived from the fact that it was usually carried on a limber, although it was also carried on a caisson. Lunette - the iron circle at the rear of a gun's trail that fits into the hook on a limber so it can be pulled.

Pendulum sight (also pendulum hausse) - a brass device with an elevating sight that can be moved up and down. The sight is fixed to a holder on the rear of the cannon muzzle, a weight at the bottom keeping it perpendicular to the ground, to sight the cannon. It was carried in a leather pouch worn by the gunner. Pointing rings - a pair of parallel iron rings on a trail. Prolonge - a rope usually carried twisted on the trail of the cannon with a hook at one end to lit into the lunette at the rear of a gun's trail, and an iron handle at the other with loops along its length that was used by the cannoneers to pull a gun off a firing line when hooking it to a limber was impossible.

Sabot - a block of wood or metal at the end of a round.

Shell - hollow shot filled with black powder designed to explode and throw fragments into enemy formations.

Solid shot - spherical solid ammunition.

rhumbstall - a piece of padded leather worn on a cannoneer's left thumb to cover tiie vent during cleaning and loading to prevent air entering die bore and igniting any sparks or powder.

Trunnions - the circular protrusions at the center of balance of a piece that fit onto the carriage to hold a tube on the carriage.

Vent pick - an iron pick, twisted into a circle at one end and sharpened at the other used to pierce the powder bag before the friction primer was inserted to fire the piece.

Worm - an iron corkscrew fitted to the end of a long pole and used to search the bore of a piece after firing to secure all pieces of smoldering powder bags and prevent premature explosions.

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Knife Throwing Techniques of the Ninja

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