The Plates

Ai: National Colour, jd L'S Infantry Regiment, ¡861

The national colour carried by the country's oldest continuously serving infantry regiment, the 3d, was made under federal contract through the Philadelphia Depot. It displays one of three known patterns of stars in its canton. The lower star is missing from the lower ring in the 34-star variety, while the 35-star variety has no central star but has 21 stars in the outer ring.

.12: National Colour, tst Battalion, 1 ith LS Infantry Regiment, 1863

This is a Tiffany & Company, New York, presentation national colour with typical script-embroidered

headquarters Hag is white \yith a red Maltese cross. (US Army Military History Institute)

Brigu dier-Genera I Charles Griffin (standing with open coat and slouch hat) commanded the I Division, V Corps, in late iS6jf w hen this photograph H as taken. The headquarters Hag is white \yith a red Maltese cross. (US Army Military History Institute)

unit designation am! battle honours. According to tradition, this colour was presented on 22 February 1X62; the battle honour for Gettysburg (1-3 July i8f>3) would indicate that this is incorrect. Apparently the t ith through tcjth US Infantry Regiments, which had three battalions, issued regimental colours for their first two battalions, which usually served apart (although probably also to their third battalions, which served as depots if, as few were, they were even organized).

.4 j: Regimental Colour, 6th L'SInfantry Regiment, 1863

The 6th Infantry's regimental colour was a Cincin nati Depot federal contract model, believed made hy John Shilleto of that city. 11c received orders for five infantry regimental, two artillery regimental and five national colours on 3 November 1862. Some varieties of these (lags have different numbers of stars, yet all have an upper arc that overlaps the end of the motto scroll.

Br. Regimental Colour, 164th New York Infantry Regiment, 1864

This flag was supplied under a New York Depot federal contract. Similar colours display 34 stars; these have only 16 stars in the lower arc.

B2: Standard, 2d US Cavalry Regiment, 1861 Cavalry standards were smaller than those carried by foot regiments for two reasons: there was not as much need for unit identification of mounted units on the field as for foot units; and, the larger the flag, the more difficult it was to carrv on the march or in action.

Bj: Regimental Colour, §th L'S Artillery Regiment, 1862

Cords and tassels on artillery colours were red and yellow intermixed silk, and crossed cannon replaced the national eagle shown on infantry colours. The colours were also the same size for both infantry and artillery regiments.

Hj: Regimental Colour, artillery, 1864 In 1863 the design on the artillery regimental colour was enlarged to fill more of the field. This particular colour was made under a New York Depot federal contract. Often partially decorated scrolls were placed on a colour issued to a regiment, w hicta would then be responsible for having the number filled in. This was true of infantry as well as artillery colours.

Ci;Designating Bag, 1st Brigade, 2d Division ofa Corps; Arm} of the Potomac, 1862 Under the iSf>2 system of designating ilags issued in the Army of the Potomac, each first brigade of a second division, regardless of corps, was to carry this

This sketch Shows the ist carried into battle ai Division, I C orps Preble's Farm, Virginia, on headquarters flap being jo September iHftj,

blue and w hite flag, which measured 5 ft, by ft ft. 1 his actual flag is in the collection of the US Army Military Academy Museum, West Point, New York. It measures 5$ inches at the hoist by 72 inches in the fly.

C.2. Designating Hag, jd Brigade, ist Division ofa Corps, Army of the Potomac, 1862 This is another surviving example ttf an i<S(i2 \nnyof the Potomac designating Hag. This one, which measures 60 inches by 72 inches, is in the New York State Collection.

Cj: Designating Hag, ist Brigade, 41h Division ofa Corps; Army of the Potomac, ¡862 This designating flag, now in she West Point collection, was probably carried in Ord's Division of the Department of the Rappahannock. It measures 54 inches by 70 inches.

This sketch Shows the ist carried into battle ai Division, I C orps Preble's Farm, Virginia, on headquarters flap being jo September iHftj,

This photograph ofX Corps commander MajorGeneral Alfred H. Terrytin the coat with two rows of buttons arranged in threes) shows the standard Armr of the I'otomac corps headquarters flag being used in that corps instead of the rectangular blue flag bearing a plain number to as ordered in the Army of the James. (National Archives)

This photograph ofX Corps commander MajorGeneral Alfred H. Terrytin the coat with two rows of buttons arranged in threes) shows the standard Armr of the I'otomac corps headquarters flag being used in that corps instead of the rectangular blue flag bearing a plain number to as ordered in the Army of the James. (National Archives)

C4: Designating flag, nth Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiment, 1862 The colours anil number on this flag indicate that the unit that carricd it was the fourth regiment of the third brigade of the second division, of the III Corps of the Army of the Potomac. In this case, the regiment was the nth Pennsylvania, which carried this flag in the Second Battle of Manassas.

actually a cross botonee, that is a Greek cross with a trefoil bud at the end of each arm.

D2: jd Brigade, 2d Division, I Corps, 1863 The Army of the Potomac system of identifying flaps adopted on 7 February 1863 gave corps headquarters a swallow-tailed guidon, with a rectangular flag carried by each division headquarters, and this type of guidon by each brigade headquarters. The white circle is the I Corps badge, which was also worn on soldiers' and officers' headgear and, at times, on the left breast. On 1 August 1864 the corps badge was authorized by General Orders No. 115 to be used on all corps flags.

Di: Headquarters, I Corps, 1863 On 7 February 1863, under General Orders No. 10, all corps headquarters in the Army of the Potomac were to have blue swallow-tailed guidons with a white 'Maltese cross' bearing the corps number in red. This odd device, which is not a true Maltese cross by any means, became the standard symbol used. It is

Dj: Headquarters, II Corps, 1864 On 1 August 1864, General Orders No. 1 ts changed the II Corps headquarters flag by using the assigned Corps badge, a 'trefoil', in place of the 'Maltese cross'. The same device appeared on all this corps' flags, in red for the first division, white for the second division, and blue for the third division. The artillery brigade had a red guidon with a white trefoil, white the corps chief quartermaster had a dark blue swallow-tail guidon with a St. Andrew's cross in white.

04:3d Division, III Corps, 1864 Under the system of 1 August 1864, all 3d Division, III Corps flags used a blue corps badge, the lozenge; the 1st and 3d Divisions' headquarters had white flags (with a red lozenge for the 1st Division), whilst the 2d Division headquarters had a blue flag with a white lozenge. The brigade guidons matched the colours, with the first brigade having plain white, the second having a red stripe at the hoist, the third being bordered in red, and the fourth with red tips. Actually III Corps had been merged into II Corps by the time these flags were ordered, although many did see use until the system was changed by Special Orders No. 320, issued 24 November 1864. The flag of the 3d Division under those orders, now in the New Jersey State Capital, has a white background with a blue trefoil within a red lozenge on the field.

Ei: 2d Division, V Corps, 1864 The corps badge of the Army of the Potomac's V Corps was the Maltese cross, which appears in white on its 2d Division's headquarters Hag. The V Corps received elements of the old I Corps as the V Corps' 2d and 4th Divisions on 24 March 1864, The old I Corps units were allowed to keep their old corps badges and unit flags; on 11 September 1864 all the I Corps elements were further reduced to the 3d Division, V Corps, complete with their old insignia. On 20 December 1864 a circular ordered all men of the division to wear a 'White Maltese Cross' on their hats and all elements of the old I Corps badges were done away with.

E2:1 st Division, VI Corps, 1864 Although originally the Greek cross worn by the VI Corps was ordered to be worn 'upright', it appeared as a St. Andrew's cross on a number of headquarters flags carried within the Corps starting in 1864. The Greek cross was carried in the 3d Division; the other divisions used the St. Andrew's cross.

Ej: Headquarters, IX Corps, 1864

The IX Corps adopted this unusual corps badge,

This headquarters flag, in tst Division, XVII Corps in blue with a red arrow and 1865. (W est Point Museum yellow fringe, measures 3 j Collections) by 4$ ft., and identified the

signifying its service as a landing force along the south-eastern coast, on 10 April 1864. The first Corps headquarters flag used the Army of the Potomac's 'Maltese cross' design with a red number tj; it was replaced by a national flag with a corps badge in the canton, surrounded by an oval of stars, in April 1864. This flag was adopted when the Corps was attached to the Army of the Potomac in May 1864, although one source says it was not adopted until 1 August 1864. The divisional flags were red {1st Division), white {2d Division), blue (3d Division), and green (4th Division) with a corps badge of a facing colour. Rectangular brigade flags had three vertical stripes with a corps badge and brigade number.

E41 Headquarters, X Corps, 1864 On 3 May 1864 the X Corps adopted square flags for its headquarters and division headquarters. While the number 10 was used on the corps headquarters flags, the divisions had one, two, and three white stars respectively on their blue flags. On 22 May 1864 the Corps' commander wrote: 'I have received four flags. I propose to replace the stars on the division flags by the corps badge, which is a square bastioned fort, very like a star in effect, I presume there can be no objection to this.' There has been no reply found and, moreover, photographs show the older flag with number 10 in use until the corps' demise in December 1864. Photographs of the recreated corps headquarters, taken after March 1865, show the Army of the Potomac's blue swallowtail guidon with white 'Maltese cross' and red number 10 being used.

Fi: Headquarters, XXIV Corps, 1S65 The corps badge of the XXIV Corps, Department of Virginia, created from elements of the old X and XVIII Corps, was adopted on 1 March 1865. It consisted of the corps number in red within a white

(Left) The flag carried by the Chief Quartermaster, XIX Corps, in 1864-65 fea tured a red cross on a white disc on a blue held. It measures ¿'2 by ft. (West Point Museum Collections)

(Right) The headquarters flag of Brigadier-General Hugh Judson Kilpa trick (standing behind seated lady), who commanded cavalry in the Army of the Cumberland, had red and white stripes, with a white disc in the centre around an eagle mounted on a national colour in natural colours. The word 'TUEBOR' was painted in black. The photograph was taken in Stcvensburg, Virginia, in March 1S64 (US Army Military History Institute)

There are some flags which were clearly made for unit identification but whose purpose is unknown today. This flag, for example, was found among the effects of Thomas Low of Tennessee, who served in the 2d US Tennessee Infantry, which was in the yth Division in Alabama at one point. It appears to be some sort of identification flag for I ha t unit, hut no orders establishing its design have been found. It has a white field, with red stripes along the fly, and blue four-pointed stars, a blue eagle, and blue number 7. (Mike Miner Collection)

heart. The Hag measures 36 inches at the hoist by 72 inches in the fly

F2: Headquarters, Will Corps, 1864 Special Field Orders No. 121, dated 25 September 1N64, of the XXIII Corps, Army of the Ohio, read: 'The flags of this corps are as follows: For corps headquarters, a blue flag with a shield in the corner of ihc form prescribed; the body of the shield divided into three panels, one panel at each principal angle of the shield; the upper left-hand panel red, the upper right-hand panel white, the lower panel blue, the whole surrounded by a golden outline one-twelfth as wide as the shield. For headquarters Second Division, the whole of the interior of the shield white, otherwise the same as the corps flag. For headquarters Third Division, the whole of (he interior blue, otherwise the same as the corps flag. For brigade headquarters, a flag similar to the division flag, but with smaller shield along the inner margin corres ponding in number to the brigade. The artillery will wear the badge of the division to which the different batteries are respectively attached," The 1st Division presumably received the same flag with a red shield on joining the corps in the spring of tiSf)>

Fj; Headquarters, W Corps, 1X65 By General Orders No. 21, dated 9 April 1N65, the XV Corps adopted its corps badge of a cartridge box under the motto 'FORTY ROUNDS' as the centrepiece of its flags. The rectangular flags carried by headquarters and division headquarters were 5 ft. by 5 ft. 6 ins. The division flags were all red for the 1st Division, white for the 2d, blue for the 3d, and yellow for the 4th; the corps headquarters flag was quartered in the three first division colours. Swallow-tailed guidons were carried by brigade headquarters. These measured 4ft. by 5 ft. ft ins. and came in appropriate division colours with different borders to designate the different brigades. The corps badges on surviving examples have been painted on the fields.

Major-Gcncral David XI. headquarters Hag is tied to

Gregg (seated, wearing a his lent pole. (L S -1 rim slouch hat) commanded Military History Institute)

the id Division, Cavalry

Corps, Army of the

Potomac. The red and white division

Major-Gcncral David XI. headquarters Hag is tied to

Gregg (seated, wearing a his lent pole. (L S -1 rim slouch hat) commanded Military History Institute)

the id Division, Cavalry

Corps, Army of the

Potomac. The red and white division

Fj: zd Division, A VIII Corps, 1S64 The XVIII Corps, of the Army oi' the James, first adopted the same type of flags as used in the X Corps, with the corps dumber in white on the headquarters flag, and one, two, or three stars, according to the division, on each division headquarters flag. Instead of the blue fields of the X Corps, the XVIII Corps used red. However, on 7 June 1864 a 'cross with foliate sides', similar to the 'Maltese cross' used on Army of the Potomac corps headquarters flags, was adopted as the corps badge. A new corps headquar ters flag using this device appears to have been taken into use around July 1864.

Gi: 2d Division, XIX Corps, 1S64 On 18 February [863, XIX Corps, of the Department of the Gulf, issued its General Orders No. 17 which called for a headquarters flag: 'A blue flag with a white four-pointed star, in the center; the number tq, in red, on the star.' Each division flag was 'red, with a white four-pointed star, in the center, the number of the division in black figures on the star'. General Orders No. n, 17 November 18(14, revised the system to use the corps' newly adopted badge, *a fan-leaved cross with octagonal center'. Headquarters used a hlue swallow-tailed guidon with a white corps badge, while the guidon used by the 2d Division reversed the colours.

Cj2: Headquarters, XX Corps, 1H64 The XX Corps of the Army of the Cumberland was formed on 4 April 1864 from units of the XXII Corps and the XXI Corps, On 26 April Department of the Cumberland General Orders No. 62 awarded its headquarters a blue swallow-tailed guidon with a white 'Tunic cross' and the red number 20. Old XXII Corps flags were used by the division headquarters, with a 6 ft. square white flag with a blue star in the 3d Division, and a red field with a green star in the 4th Division, Triangular flags, each side being 6 ft. long, were used by brigade headquarters; these followed the Army of the Potomac system for differentiating brigades.

Gy. Headquarters, IV Corps, Army of the Cumberland, 1864

The IV Corps of the Army of the Cumberland was different from most corps in that its badge, an equilateral triangle, was not used in any form on the corps flags. Instead, corps and division headquarters used red flags with a blue canton. Headquarters used a golden eagle in its canton.

G4: jd Division, IV Corps, 1864 Each division of the IV Corps used white stripes to make a design in the blue cantons of their otherwise red flags. The 1st Division had one stripe running diagonally from bottom left to top right; the 2d had a white St, Andrew's cross; and the 3d, a white St. Andrew's cross with a vertical stripe through the middle. Brigades had swallow-tailed guidons with the same canton as their division, but with one, two, or three white stars under the canton according to the brigade number.

Hi: Co. /, 6th Pennsylvania Cavalry (Rush's Lancers), i86j

This regulation cavalry guidon was carried by the cavalry company that accompanied the headquarters of the Army of the Potomac during the Battle of Gettysburg. The battle honour for that engagement would therefore suggest that it was carried for some time at least after July 1863. The cavalryman holding the guidon wears the dress jacket worn by mounted troops, trimmed in yellow for cavalry.

Hz: Headquarters, XXI Corps, i86j The oddly-shaped XXI Corps flags were prescribed in the Department of the Cumberland's General Orders No. 91, 25 April 1863. The corps headquarters flag, which was 6 ft. in hoist by 4 ft. in the fly, used an eagle with the number 21, while divisions had from one to three stars on the white stripe. Brigades used the division flags, but with the white number of the brigade replacing the star.

Hj: Headquarters, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, 1864

Cavalry in the Army of the Potomac used a variety of systems of flag identification, starting from 1862 when a blue St. Andrew's cross on a yellow field was authorized for the cavalry reserve headquarters. On 12 May 1863 it was authorized a yellow swallow-tailed flag with white crossed sabres in the centre. Thereafter most cavalry commands used crossed sabres, the traditional Cavalry Corps badge, on their flags. This headquarters flag was adopted in 1864 and apparently used until the end of the war.

Notes sur la planche* en couleur

\i Ce drapeau national clan porté par le régiment d'infanterie du pavs qui avait servi depuis !c plus longtemps uns interruption le icmc II présenté un de trois arrangements connus d'étoiles dans son canton. Aa Voici un drapeau national présente par Titianv & 1 Jimpanv. New Vrai, avec le nom de l'unité et les honneurs des batailles typiquement brodés en lettres manuscrites. Certaines variations de ce drapeau ont diflérents nombres d'étoiles, mais ils ont tous un are supérieur qui dépassé ta lin du listel de la des isc

Il i Ce drapeau a été fourni dans le cadre d'un contrat fédéral avec le \cw York Depot. Des drepeasiv similaires ont 14 étoiles: ceux-ci n'ont que 16 étoiles dans l'arc inlcrieui Ha I.es étendards de cavalerie étaient plus petits que les étendards d'infanterie car de grands drapeaux étaient difficiles a porter durant la marche ou pendant l'action, et il était moins nécessaire d'indcmiltcr les unités. B3 l.es fanions iraient la même taille pour les régiments d'infanterie et d'artillerie, mais les cordons et pompons des fanions de l'artillerie étaient routes et jaunes et un eau non croisé remplaçait l'aigle national- (ta Kn 1863 le dessin sur le fanion du régiment de l'artillerie a été agrandi pour remplir plus de place sur la tahlc d'attente. Souvent des listels partiellement décorés étaient places sur le fanion, le régiment étant responsable de l'appartion du n 11 nn.ro farbtafcln

Al Diese \atiimallahne wurde vom 1 Infanterieregiment getragen, dem ältesten in kontinuierlichem F.insat/ befindlichen Regiment des I-indes In ihrem f'cld zeigt sie eine der drei bekannten An'rrdnungen der Sterne I las isl eine v un Titians S. (jimpanv in New York gestiftete Nallonall'ahne mit tvptschcti gestielten schriftlichen Kennzeichnungen und \us/cichnungcn Vt Manche Variante« dieser l-'ahnc hahen eine verschiedene \n/ahl Ion Siemen, aher alle /eigen einen oberen Bogen über dem l'.ndc des Motto-Schnnrkels.

Hl Diese Kahne wurde unter einem föderativen Kontrakt des New 1 orL-Depots geliefert, \hnliche Fahnen /eigen 34 Sterne; diese haben nur H im unteren Bogen. IIa Kavallerie-Standarten waren kleiner als die der Infanterie, weil sie dadurch leichter beim Rill oder auch im Gefecht zu tragen waren, und weniger Bedarf nach Regimenisidcntili/ierung bestand. Ilj Hei Infanterie- und \rsil-leriercgimenlem waren die Fahnen gleich groß, doch waren die Schnure und Quasten der Anilleriefahncn roi und gelb, und sie zeigten gekreuzte Kanonen anstatt des Adlers. B4 1 M>; wurde das Design auf der \rtillerie-Regimentslahne vergrößert, um mehr von dem Feld auszufüllen (Mi wurden teilweise ver/icric Schnörkel aul der Fahne angebracht, und es wurde dem Regiment überlassen, die eigene \ummcr hinzuzufügen

Cil Scion le système de 18(12 qui désignait les drapeaux devant être émis à I1 Armée du Potomac, chaque première brigade d'une seconde division, sans égard au corps, devait porter ce drapeau bleu et blanc, qui mesurait 5 pieds par 6 pieds. Cl Un autre exemple survivant d'un drapeau de désignation de 1862 de l'Armce du Potomac, mesurant f«o pouces par 72 pouces. C3 Ce drapeau de désignation était probablement porté par ta division Ord du Déparlement du Rappahannock. Il mesure 54 pouces par 70 pouces. C4 Les couleurs et chiffres indiquent que l'unité qui portait ce drapeau était le quatrième régiment de la troisième brigade de la seconde division, du Corps 111 de l' Armée du Potomac.

Di l-c 7 février 1863, tous les sièges des corps de l' Armée du Potomac ont reçu l'ordre d'avoir des guidons hleus a deux pointes avec une croix de Malte, le numéro du corps étant en rouge, Cette croix grecque tréflée avec un bouton de trèfle au bout de chaque bras est le symbole qui a en fait été utilisé. D2 Cle drapeau de quartier général de brigade adopté le 7 février 1863 a un cercle blanc avec le badge du corps. D3 Ijc 1er août 1864, les Ordres Généraux no. 115 ont change le badge du quartier général du corps en utilisant le badge de corps assigne, un trèfle, a la place de la croix de Malte D4 Selon le système de 1864. tous les drapeaux de 3cme division du Corps III utilisaient un badge de corps bleu, le lozange, sur un fond blanc.

F.i Le badge de corps du Corps Y de l'Armée du Potomac était la croix de Malte, qui apparaît en blanc sur son drapeau de quartier général de 2èmc division. II2 Bien qu'a l'origine la croix grecque portée par le Corps VI devait être ponce droite, elle apparaît comme une croix de St André sur un certain nombre de drapeaux de quartier général a partir de 1864 £j Le l\émc Corps adopta ce badge de corps inhabituel, signifiant son service en tant que force de débarquement le long de la cote du sud-est le 10 avril iKf»4 F4 le 3 mai 1864, le Xèmc Corps adopta des drapeaux carres pour ses quartiers généraux et ses quartiers généraux de division. Le numéro 10 était utilisé sur les drapeaux des quartiers généraux du corps.

Fi Le badge de corps du \\I\ cme Corps, Département de Virginie, créé â partir d cléments du vieux Corps \ et XVIII, fut adopté le 1er mars 1865. Fa Les Ordres Spéciaux de Terrain \o. tat, datés du 25 septembre 1864, du XXIIlcme Corps, Armée de l'< )hio, ont créé ce drapeau. F3 Ce drapeau de quartier générale de corps est dix isé en quartiers selon ses fanions d t vision ne I s et mesure 5 pieds par 5 pieds b pouces. F4 [«« 7 juin 1864 le XVII Icmc Corps, armée du James, adopta une croix à côtés folies comme badge de corps.

Cii Le XI Xèmc Corps, Département du Golfe, adopta ce nouv eau badge de corps, 'une croix palmée avec centre hexagonal', le 17 novembre 1864, remplaçant l'étoile à quatre pointes. Ga Formé le 4 avril 1864, le XXèmc Corps de l'Armée du Cumberland a reçu son drapeau de quartier général le 26 avril, un guidon bleu a deux pointes avec une croix lumccllc blanche et un numéro 20 rouge: G3 Note/ l'aigle doré dans le canton A la différence de la plupart des badges de corps du l lorps IV, un triangle équilatérial ne fut pas utilisé sous quelque forme que ce soit sur le badge de corps. G4 Chaque division du Corps IV utilisa des rayures blanches pour faire un motif dans les cantons bleus de leurs drapeaux rouges pour le reste. I )ans ce cas, une croix de St André blanche avec une rayurc verticale au milieu.

Ili Ce guidon de cavalerie de règle était porté par la société de cavalerie qui accompagnait les quartiers généraux de l'Armée du Potomac durant la bataille de Gettysburg 112 1 xs drapeaux du XXlèmc Corps ont des formes bizarres à côté des fanions des autres troupes, asani 6 pieds de haut et 4 pieds de large. H3 Après 18(13, la plupart des commandes de ta cavalerie utilisaient des sabres croises, le badge du C orps de (.avalerie traditionnel, sur leurs drapeaux. Ce drapeau de quartier général fut adopte en 18(14 et apparemment utilise jusqu'à la lin de la guerre.

Ci L nter dem Designationssylern von 1862 für Fahnen der Armee am Potomac erhielt jede erste Brigade einer zweiten Division ungeachtet des Korps diese hlaußweißc Fahne in den Abmessungen 152 * 182cm. Ca Bin anderes erhaltenes Beispiel für eine iRAa-Dcsignationsfahne für die Potomac-Armee, 153 x 182. C3 Diese Designat ionsfahne Würde wahrscheinlich in der Ord's Division des Departments von KappahannocL getrogen - 137 x 177cm. Farben und Zahlen lassen erkennen, daß diese Fahne vom 4. Regiment der 3. Brigade der 2. Division des Ml Korps der Potomac-Armee getragen wurde.

Di Am 7. Februar 1863 wurden alle Korps-Hauptquartiere angewiesen, blaue Schwalbenschwanz-Wimpel mit einem weißen Malteserkreuz und einer roten Korps-Nummer zu tragen; es handelte sich dabei in Wahrheil um ein griechisches Kreuz botoncc mil einer Llceblattformigen Knosp*.- am F.nde eines jeden Arms, und es wurde dann zum Standard-Symbol. I>2 Diese Brigaden-Stabsfahne. angenommen am 7. Februar 1863, zeigt einen weißen Kreis mit dem Korps-Abzeichen Dj Durch den Allgemeinen Befehl No. 115 \om 1. August 1864 wurde das Abzeichen de Ii Korps verändert mit einem Kleeblatt anstelle des Malteserkreuzes D4 L ntcr dem System v on t8f»4 zeigten alle Fahnen der 3. Division des III. Korps ein blaues Korps-Abzeichen, die Raute, auf W eißem Grund.

Fi Das Korps-Abzeichen des V.Korps der Potomac-Armee war das Malteserkreuz, hier in Weiß auf dieser Stabsfahne der 2. Division L2 Obwohl das Griechische Kreuz des VI. Korps urspunglich aufrecht getragen werden mußte, erscheint es ab 1864 auf verschiedenen Stabsfahnen als Andreaskreuz E3 Das IX Korps nahm dieses ungewöhnliche Abzeichen an als Hinweis auf seinen F.insatzals Landetruppe entlang der Südostkuste am to. April 1964. R4 \m 3, Mai 18/14 nahm das \ Korps rechteckige Stabs- und Di* isionsfahnen an. Die Zahl 1 o w urde auf den Stabsfahnen getragen.

Fi Das Abzeichen des XXIV Korps, Department of Virginia, entstanden aus Elementen der alten Korps X und XVIII, wurde am 1. Marz 1865 angenommen. Fa Diese Fahne wurde durch Speztalbefehl Nu. 121 vom 25. September 1864 des \X11 Korps de Armee von Ohio angenommen F? Diese Korps-Stabsfahnc ist in die Div isionsfarben gcx iertctlt und mißt 1 $1 x 167cm. F4 Am 7. Juni 1864 nahm das XVIII. Korps, Arms of the James, ein Kreuz mit I .aubwerkVerzierungen als Abzeichen an.

Gi Das XI \. Korps, Department of the Gull", nahm am 17. November 1864 dieses neue Abzeichen an, ein "fachcrblattrigcs Kreuz mit achteckigem Zentrum", anstelle des bisherigen weißen, vierspitzigen Siems. Ga Das am 4. April 18(14 gebildete NX. Korps der Army of the Cumberland erhielt am 26. April seine Stabsfahne, ein blauer Schwalbcnschuanz-Wimpcl mit einem weißen Kreuz und der Nummer in Rot. G3 Goldener Adler im Feld. Im Gegensalz zu den meisten anderen Korps wurde das Abzeichen des I \ Korps, ein gleichseitiges Dreieck, nie auf den Korpsfahnen getragen. G4 Jede Division des T\ Korps benutzte weiße Streifen, um in den blauen Feldern seiner ansonsten roten Fahnen ein Design zu formen in diesem Falle ein weißes Andreaskreuz mit einem vertikalen .Streifen durch die Mitte.

Iii Dieser vorschriftsmäßige Kavallerie-Wimpel wurde von der Kompanie gel ragen, die das Hauptquartier der Potomac- Armee während der Schlacht von Gcttyshurg begleitete. IIa Fahnen des XXI Korps haben ein ungewöhnliches Format im Vergleich mit denen anderer Korps; sie messen 182cm an der Stange und 121cm an der anderen Seite. H3 Nach 1863 trugen die Fahnen der meisten Kavallerie-Einheiten das traditionelle Kavadcrickorps-Abzcichcn gekreuzte Säbel. Diese Stabsfahne wurde 1864 angenommn und wurde offenbar bis zum Kriegsende getragen.

OSPREY

MILITARY

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