Union Forces

The dandified George Maddox, a member of Quantrill's Raiders, wears a plumed hat and a classic "guerrilla shirt" under a Confederate frock coat with light-colored - yellow? - facings at collar and cuffs. He holds Remington Army revolvers, with another pair and a knife on his belt. (Dr Thomas P.Sweeney)

The list below gives an idea of the average strength of Union forces available for operations in the Territory. The majority of the regiments were raised in Kansas, although most Indian and Colored troops - many of the latter runaway slaves - did not originate there. Other states also contributed units, including Colorado. (The 1st & 2nd Kansas Colored Volunteers were later redesignated the 79th & 83rd Regiments, United States Colored Troops.)

District of the frontier, December 1863

(BrigGenJohn McNeil)

Fort Smith, Arkansas (Col J.Edwards):

12tli Kansas - 9 cos (Col C.W.Adams) 18th Iowa (LtCol H.J.Campbell) 2nd Kansas Colored (Col S.M.Crawford) 3rd Wisconsin Cavalry, Co I (Lt JA.Cavert) 6th Kansas Cavalry (LtCol W.Y.Campbell) 14th Kansas Cavalry - 8 cos (LtCol T.Moonlight) 2nd Kansas Battery - 4 guns (Capt E.A.Smith) (3,515 present for duty - PFD)

Second Brigade (Col J.Edwards) 1st Arkansas (Col J.M.Johnson)

2nd Kansas Cavalry (Nlaj J.G.Fisk)

2nd Indiana Batten- (Lt H.Esprey) - 6 guns, of which some perhaps with 6th Kansas (1,020 PFD)

Roseville, Arkansas:

1st Kansas Colored (Col J.M.Williams) (579 PFD) 3rd Wisconsin Cavalry, Co G (Lt H.Goodsell) (75 PFD)

Unattached, Clarksville, Arkansas:

2nd Arkansas Cavalry - 5 cos (Lt G.M.Waugh) (286 PFD)

Fort Gibson, Cherokee Nation:

First (Indian) Brigade (Col W.A.Phillips)

1st Indian Home Guard (Col S.H.Watties)

2nd Indian Home Guard (Maj M.B.C.Wright)

3rd Indian Home Guard (Maj J.A.Foreman)

14th Kansas Cavalry - 4 cos (Maj C.Willetts) — with 3 guns

Confederate Sack Coat

Native American recruits for the US Army, showing the ragged appearance of the refugees driven from the Territory by the Confederates. They wear civilian sack coats with scarves, which were also popular with soldiers. (Wisconsin Historical Society, ID WHi 1909)

Van Buren, Arkansas:

Third Brigade (Col T.M.Bowen)

13th Kansas (LtCol J.B.Wheeler)

3rd Wisconsin Cavalry - 5 cos (Maj J.C.Schroeling)

Hopkins' Kansas Batten- - 6 guns (LtJ.F.Aduddel)

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  • Marco
    What was NOT a strength of the Union forces?
    7 years ago

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