Maine Infantry Regiments

There was 110 regulation Maine uniform. The first six volunteer infantry regiments, when raised in 1861, received state-purchased uniforms that included grey frock coats, with eight Maine buttons down the front; plain grey trousers; and plain grey forage caps. The actual colours varied from 'Canada gray', through 'light gray' and 'dark gray', to 'cadet gray'. A major of the 3rd Maine Infantry Regiment recalled that when they were organised in 1861, 'We were clothed in new gray uniforms, and equipped and armed, our guns were Springfield smooth-bore, muzzle-loading muskets, fixed with the common bayonet". These uniforms were replaced with regulation blue dress when they reached Washington in July. Blue uniforms were issued by the state to its 7th, 8th. and 9th Infantry Regiments, and the US government issued regulation clothing to all regiments thereafter. Wherever possible, however, Maine troops seemed to prefer dark blue trousers to regulation sky blue, wearing them whenever they got the chance.

Maine issued both buttons with the state coat of arms on them, and oval, US Army-like brass belt plates marked 'VMM' (for 'Volunteer Militia of Maine'). The belt plates came only in the smaller size used in the Mexican-American War, although the 'VMM' cartridge box plates came in the large size then currently issued by the US Army. These plates were worn by the low-numbered Maine infantry regiments including the 10th (although the 1st Regiment received US plates), as well as by some later units whenever they were available. These plates were worn at the front as late as 1864.

Maine issued from its stores, M 1855 rifles to the 1st and 6th Infantry Regiments, as well as Pi858 Enfields to the 10th and 13th Infantry Regiments. M1841 rifles went to the 4th ( but not enough for the whole regiment) and 71I1 Infantry Regiments.

10th Illinois Infantry

The only organised force from the State of California to see action in the East was the 'California too', a company raised in California which served in the 2nd Massachusetts Cavalry. The unit wore regulation dress, except for this unique cap badge. The 2nd was organised in February 1863 and served mostly in Northern Virginia against guerrilla forces there. (James Stamatelos collection)

The only organised force from the State of California to see action in the East was the 'California too', a company raised in California which served in the 2nd Massachusetts Cavalry. The unit wore regulation dress, except for this unique cap badge. The 2nd was organised in February 1863 and served mostly in Northern Virginia against guerrilla forces there. (James Stamatelos collection)

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