'When my regiment was organized that spring', wrote 4th 'Texas Infantry Regiment Pte. Val C. Giles, 'there were no two companies who had uniforms alike. 11 was some time after the war began before the Confederacy adopted any particular style of uniform. The color was universally gray, but the cut of cloth varied considerably. We were a motley-looking set, but as a rule, comfortably dressed. In my company we had about four different shades of gray, but the trimmings were all of black braid.'
Photographs of men of the 1st Infantry Regiment taken in early 1862 near Richmond show mostly frock coats, some with stripes across the chest like those sported by Mississippi troops. Most have cadet-pattern forage caps with regimental designations spelled out on their crowns in what appear to be brass letters.
Texas troops who stayed West seemed to prefer Western, civilian-type dress. Pte. Dunnie Affleck, Co. B, Terry's Texas Rangers, wrote home on 25 March 1863: 'Mexican hats, and buckskin suits, are the fashion amongst the Rangers now, nearly all are sending for them, and I want to keep in fashion". He also wanted some chequered shirts.
Cut off from Eastern supplies after the fall of Vicksburg, the slate set up its Lone Star Mill at the Huntsville Penitentiary. There they produced vast quantities of jeans materials lor uniforms, probably mostly grey-coloured.
The state also issued pre-war oval, stamped brass, US-type belt plates (but 110 cartridge box plates) bearing a five-pointed star in the centre. These came in two styles, one flat and one with the centre of the star raised: it is possible that the first style was not actually used during the war. Rectangular belt plates bearing the star design were also used, as were two-piece swordbelt plates with the star within the wreath. Texas buttons also bore a star, with the word 'TEXAS' around its points.
On 11 January 1862 'Texas set up a military board to buy weapons, and subsequently even set
A private of the 126th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiment, a regiment raised for nine months' service in 1862. He wears the dark blue shell jacket and trousers issued by the state to this regiment. According to Brigadier-General Erastus B. Tylor, at the Battle of Ghancellorsville 'for earnest, spirited work [the 126th ] could not be excelled'. (Author's collection)
up its own cannon foundry. Copies of a Colt Dragoon model revolver were made for the state by Tucker & Sherrard of Lancaster, who had a contract for 3,000 revolvers but only produced some 400. Dance Brothers of Galveston also produced some 300 copies of the Colt Navy revolver for the state. Although made for the Confederate government, many rifles produced at the Tyler, Texas Armory ended up in the hands of Texans.
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