1. (a) Define 'hegemony' (Sources B and F); (b) What were the main differences between the UGT and the CNT (Sources A and C)? (3)

2. Study Source B. How might its author, Togliatti (an Italian Comintern official in Spain), have responded to Rocker's comments in Source A? (4)

3. How far do Sources C and D provide contrasting interpretations of the impact on the Spanish Republic of Negrin's premiership? (5)

*4. Comment on the timing of Source F, and its appeal to a national and international audience. (5) 5. Using these sources and your own knowledge, comment on the view that criticism of Negrin's premiership underestimates its achievements and the pressures with which it was faced. (8)

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