The Military Rising

1. G. Hills: The Battle for Madrid (London, 1976), p. 26

4. See, for example, S. Ellood: Franco (London, 1993), pp. 52-8

6. M. Alpert: Soldiers, politics and war, in P. Preston, ed., Revolution and

8. P. Preston: A Concise History of the Spanish Civil War (London, 1996), p. 31

9. P. Preston: Franco, p. 146; H. Thomas: op. cit., p. 95; G. Hills, op. cit., pp.


10. P. Preston: Coming of the Spanish Civil War, p. 201

12. S. Payne: Spanish Revolution, p. 205

13. R. Fraser: Blood of Spain (London, 1994 edn), p. 568; Preston, Coming of the Spanish Civil War, p. 189

14. G. Esenwein and A. Shubert: op. cit., pp. 73, 69

15. Students may wish to research Koestler's political background further as he is a key source for this period. Source A: B. Crozier: Franco, A Biographical History (London, 1967), p. 513. Source B: From an English edition of the 'Joint Letter of the Spanish Bishops to the Bishops of the Whole World Concerning the War in Spain', published by the Catholic Truth Society (London, 1937). Source C: Harold G. Cardozo: March of a Nation - My Year of Spain's Civil

War (London, 1937), pp. 150-1, 153. Source D: Julio Alvarez del Vayo: Freedom's Battle (London, 1940), pp. 245, 28.

Source E: Translated by A. Kenwood, in A. Kenwood, ed., op. cit., pp. 901.

Source F: Goronwy Rees: Europe and Spain (7.8.36), in Charles Moore and Christopher Hawtree, eds, 1936, As Recorded by the Spectator (London, 1986).

Source G: In D. Smyth: Reflex Reaction - Germany and the Onset of the Spanish

Civil War, in P. Preston, ed., Revolution and War, p. 253. Source H: P. Knight: The Spanish Civil War (Basingstoke, 1991), p.65.

Source I: Quoted in P. Preston: Mussolini's Spanish adventure: from limited risk to war, in P. Preston and A. McKenzie (eds), The Republic Besieged (Edinburgh, 1996), pp. 48-9. Source J: A. Koestler: op. cit., pp. 96-7, 146.

Was this article helpful?

0 0

Post a comment