1. H. Thomas: The Spanish Civil War (Harmondsworth, 1977), p. 26
2. S. Payne: Basque Nationalism (Reno, 1975), p. 103
4. A. Balcells: Catalan Nationalism Past and Present (trans. J. Hall, Basingstoke, 1996), p. 88
5. G. Brenan: The Spanish Labyrinth (Cambridge, 1950/90), p. 78
7. S. Ben-Ami: The Republican 'take-over': prelude to catastrophe?, in P. Preston, ed., Revolution and War in Spain 1931-1939 (London, 1984), p. 15
8. G. Jackson: The Azaña regime in perspective (Spain, 1931 - 1933), in S. Payne, ed., Politics and Society in Twentieth Century Spain (New York, 1976), p. 81; P. Preston: The Coming of the Spanish Civil War (London, 2nd edn, 1994), p. 79
10. J.P. Fusi: The Basque Question, in P. Preston, ed., Revolution and War, p. 197
12. M. Blinkhorn: War on two fronts: politics and society in Navarre 1931 -36, in P. Preston, ed., Revolution and War, p. 79
14. G. Esenwein and A. Shubert: Spain at War (Harlow, 1995), p. 76
Source A: Manuel Azaña: Caciquismo and Democracy (trans. T. Rees, Exeter University), in España, 13 October 1923.
Source B: H. Gannes and T. Repard: Spain in Revolt (London, 1936), pp. 39-
Source C: Franz Borkenau: The Spanish Cockpit (London, 1937), pp. 40-1. Source D: W. Foss and C. Gerahty: The Spanish Arena (London, 1938), pp. 53-5.
Source E: Duchess of Atholl: Searchlight on Spain (Harmondsworth, 1938), pp. 19-20.
Source F: H. Gannes and T. Repard: op. cit., pp. 42-3. Source G: W. Foss and C. Gerahty: op. cit., pp. 58-9. Source H: F. Borkenau: op. cit., p. 46.
Source I: M. Azaña: Speech to the Republican Action Party (trans. J.W.D. Trythall, York University), 17 July 1931.
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