Worked answer

*1. [Two marks for each part means that you must also offer some analytical comment.]

(a) There are names omitted here: for example, Azana, the Left Republican leader; de los Rios, the Socialist; and Mallol, the Catalan nationalist. The reason might be that Gannes and Repard, Marxists writing in 1936, were keen not to associate the political left overtly with the origins of the problem-plagued Second Republic. Hence the anonymous 'and others'.

(b) Azana was Minister of War in the first government of the Second Republic. However, he was a Left Republican, critical of much of the Spanish army's record and its organization. As Minister of War he would be expected to work for the improvement of the armed forces, but his definition of the national interest would bring him up against army traditionalists.

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