Indiana

The 35th Indiana Infantry Regiment ("1st Irish Regiment") was organized at Indianapolis in December 1861; its companies were exclusively Irish, and hailed from Indianapolis. Madison. Michigan City, Lafayette, Valparaiso, Laporie and Delphi. The regiment saw hard combat in the Western theater. When Confederate Gen Braxton Bragg attacked MajGen William S. Rosecrans' Army of the Cumberland at Stones River (Murfreesboro) on December 31, 1862-January 3, 1863, the regiment lost 27 killed, 78 wounded and 13 missing. Colonel Bernard F. Mullen, a Mexican War veteran from Pennsylvania, commanded the 35th Indiana for most of the war. Major John P. Dufficy, an officer noted for his bravery under fire, was among those killed at Kennesaw Mountain on June 27, 1864, during Sherman's advance on Atlanta.

The first uniform furnished to the 35th Indiana was the dark blue nine-button shell jacket and sky-blue pants issued to the state's troops, but with a distinctive kepi of emerald-green. badged with a gold wreath of shamrocks and the numeral "I". This

1st Lt Bernard McCabe, Co 0, 35th Indiana Infantry. McCabe wears the dark blue (rock coat and pants typical of Federal officers; note the narrow light blue trouser-welt. The only item to distinguish this unit early in the war was a green kepi. (US Army Mil Hist Inst; Monmouth County Historical uniform was replaced by US regulation infantry issue by the fall of 1862. The 35th Indiana was armed with Enfield rifles.

Men from a "2nd Irish" regiment that failed to materialize. Col Mullen's 61st Indiana, transferred into the 35th Indiana in May 1862. They also wore green kepis, but with dark blue chasseur coals with green trim, and dark blue pants. In the long run the standard US infantry uniform won out, although the regiment's Irishmen apparently clung to their green kepis throughout the war (unlike the majority of Indiana troops, who typically adopted black hats).

1st Lt Bernard McCabe, Co 0, 35th Indiana Infantry. McCabe wears the dark blue (rock coat and pants typical of Federal officers; note the narrow light blue trouser-welt. The only item to distinguish this unit early in the war was a green kepi. (US Army Mil Hist Inst; Monmouth County Historical

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