Cavalry

Cavalryman, latman's 'Red Hussars' Brigade, 18-19

man's Brigade, also known as the Zavolzhskaya jade of Red Hussars, included three cavalrv regi-rits that were dressed in the pre-war parade uni-s ot the 1st Sumsko\ and 3rd l.lisavctgradskv •»sar regiments. The main regimental distinction was light blue peaked cap (piped yellow). For the mskov Regiment the cap had a scarlet band, and for Elisavetgradsky Regiment, a white band. The black rher peak of the cavalryman's cap was somewhat alter than the infantry version, and, following the od fashion, worn crumpled in a foppish manner.

The dolman had brass buttons and cords, but no shoulder-knots the traditional hussar mark of rank. The canvas cartridge pouch has its cover turned out to allow easier access to ammunition. The chakchiry breeches were of a red colour called krapnvy in the Russian Armv. High cavalrv jackboots have brass hussar rosettes. Rille and shashka sword, although both called 'dragoon' in the Tsarist \rmy, were issued to all mounted units, including irregular Cossack troops, before the Great War. Some squadrons also had lances with the old regimental light blue-over-scarlet pennants. Regimental musicians are recorded as wearing brass lyre badges instead of red stars on their caps.

Several other units were also dressed in hussar fashion. The Narvskv Cavalrv Regiment fought on the Eastern Front in 191X 19 in the uniform of the former 13th \arvsk\ Hussar Regiment. This was similar to Vatman's Hussars but with white piping, cords and

Sleeve command patches and headgear badges, 1922. Tup row: Glavkom (Supreme Commander); Front Commander or Detached Irmy Commander; Army Cmdr or Deputy Arm y Cmdr or Corps Cmdr; headgear star. l/>ril 1922 (top); headgear star, July 1922 (bottom),- Division Chief or Detached Brigade Cmdr; Brigade Cmdr; Commander or Deput y oj either a Regiment or a Detached Battalion. Bottom row: Battalion Cmdr or Detached Company Cmdr or Detached Company Deputy Cmdr; Company Cmdr or Company Deputy Cmdr; I'laloon Cmdr; Starshina; Platoon Deputy Cmdr; Section Cmdr; krasnoarmeycts (Red . Irmy man).

Commanders of the 2nd 'Blinov' Cavalry Division, / 922. Only a few oj them have the new 1922 uniform; the rest wear whatever was available. Cavalry sleeve badges are oj various sizes ami designs, and not all regulatihn. The Kombrig standing on the right wears an old-st yle gymnasterka, but has worked hard to make it took like the new uniform - the collar patches, razgovory and sleeve insignia have no piping and are all hand-made.

metal fittings, Another unit, the Detached Cavalry Divizion (half-regiment) of the 21st Rifle Division, was dressed from the depot of the 15th Ukrainian Hussar Regiment, and wore a brown busby with light blue bag and white metal chin-scales, rose-orange dolman with white cords and silver buttons, black breeches and jackboots.

B2: Cavalryman, Bashkir Cavalry Division, Petrograd 1918-19

The Bashkir 1 )iv ision was composed, as its name suggests, of Bashkirs one of many ethnic minorities of the Russian Empire; other nationalities made up only one per cent of all ranks. The division was formed in Petrograd in 1(>18 to light Yudenich's White Army. It included infantry, cavalry, artillery, machine-gun and specialist units. The distinguishing feature of these units was a green diamond patch with red star and crescent worn on the left sleeve; commanders had a scarlet patch with gold embroidery.

This cavalryman's appearance is fairly characteristic of the period. He has the usual soldier's cap, khaki cotton gymnasterka and sbarovury breeches. It was common to wear the red star on the crown of the cap rather than the band, though due to lack of official Red Army stars, metal stars from discarded officers' shoulder-boards were often worn instead. The rifle is of standard army issue, but the shush k a sword is of Cossack style.

Hi: Kubau Cossack, Budenny's l'irst Cavalry Army, 1918-20

Cossack units were rightly considered the best cavalr formations in the Red Army. Over the centuries th Cossacks had become a nation of warriors, and befor the October revolution the vast majoritv had had fiel experience serving as border guards. Naturally hot' Civil War factions wanted the Cossacks on their sid< and they led active propaganda campaigns. Th Cossacks who joined the Red Army wore much th same national clothes and weapons as their Whin counterparts, but with the red star instead of th Imperial cockade.

This figure wears traditional Kuban Cossack attire: . small f ur kubanka hat, a linen bcshmct undershirt and t cloth cherkeska coat. Bcshmets and dierkeskas for every day use were of dull colours grey, brown or black while ceremonial ones were often brighter and embeH ished with silver or gold embroidery. The lining of iha cherkeska was usually of the same colour as the beshn; l Characteristic gaziry breast pockets were used to car-j ammunition. This Cossack has cut them along the mid die to show that they hold four Mosin rifle cartrida clips, in a style that become fashionable in the L-y ears of the Circat War.

A traditional Caucasian Cossack shashka sword an^ . kinzhaI dagger are worn slung from black leather Ix i with silver fittings. A bashlyk, or winter hood, is won hanging on the shoulders. Cossack boots were made d

Cossack Rifle

II inter anil summer budenovka hats made according to I'rikaz 322 of 31 January l')22. The winter budenovka is of dark grey cloth, while the summer version is of khaki cotton, Both were officially to have metal stars pinned over doth stars, hut this was rarely complied with. The additional peak at the hack of the summer budenovka, led to it being called the Zdravstv uy-proshay or 'Hello-goodbye'. (Collection of Anton Shalito and llya Savchenkov)

ry soft leather and traditionally had no heels and ■urs were also not worn, since Cossacks preferred to :de their horses with the nagaika, a short leather nip.

1'he sleeve patch is a combined rank insignia and inch badge popular among Red commanders. The ¡;ch is made of cloth and could have devices made of Ltal or cloth or be embroidered in silk or gold thread, he two triangles identify this commander as a mkomvzvoda (deputy platoon commander).

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