Specialist Troops

1)1: Private, Broneotryad (Armour Detachment 1918-22

Red Army men serving in motorised, armoured-car at armour units all wore much the same uniform, chara. terised by the rich use of leather. It consisted of: . khaki cloth or leather cap with a large square pea-introduced in the Russian Army for automobilists ar samokatchiks (velo-cyclists); a leather coat (typically . black, so-called 'Swedish', 1912-issue); and below this gymnasterka. Leather or cloth breeches were worn wit jackboots or boots w ith leggings of all possible shad of leather.

The different motorised and armoured branch could be distinguished by breast and sleeve badges Although motorised units were organisationally . branch of the Engineers, they preferred the old Tsari steering wheel, wings and wheels to the Red Am Engineers' sleeve badge. Before an official bads appeared for armour units, personnel wore vario sleeve patches, and continued to use the Tsarist Art: badge, which was similar to that of motorised units it ^

Tsarist Troops

th a machinc-gun instead of a steering wheel. I itorised-unit emblems were also added to otherwise ndard Red Army breast badges, below the red star.

_ Crewman of Trotsky's Armoured Train, 1918-22 . cause of the lack of special armoured train insignia in -arist and Red armies, crews wore sleeve badges with rfcrent combinations of railway, artillery and machinc-. n emblems, or patches with the name and/or number I J a depiction of the armoured train. Sometimes i mourcd train commanders wore all these badges I aether.

Some armoured train crews wore leather uniforms v ed in peculiar colours: the entire crew of the i mourcd train that took RMSR chairman Trotsky t rnnd Russia were dressed from head to toe in red leather, and were known as the 'Red Sotnia (Hundred)', n. ley wore a silver sleeve badge depicting a steaming t in and engraved with the train's name, Revvoyensovet l-.e also the black and white illustration). The preferred » capons of these leather-clad men were carbines, beboot ■aggers and the Mauser K-96 hand-gun.

D3: Pilot, Aviation Detachment, 1918-21 Nearly all Red pilots had served in Imperial Russian ■viation before the Revolution, and naturally they inherited its fashions, from black leather hurtkas (coats) i checked tweed jackets, yellow leggings and hand-nade shoes. For men who had fought in France during the Great War it was fashionable to continue to wear French pilots' insignia.

This pilot wears a «ymnustcrha trimmed to give it he look of the so-called 'French' jacket; in addition he-has cloth sharovary breeches piped red, leggings and

Red Army metal collar-patcli badges. From upper left: Dept of Military Communications (1922); Divisional F'iehl Fie ctric Power Stations (1922); Dept oj Military Fngineers (1922); Aviation (in use from 1914); Aviation (1920, non-regulation); Special Task Artillery (commanders, cadets, artillery units, etc, 1922). Lower row: armoured car units (1922, non-regulation); armoured car units (1922 regulation); armoured train crews (1922); tank units (1922); armoured units (common to the three previous types, and replacing the older badges, 1922). (Collection of Anton Sltalito ami llya Savchenkov)

leather shoes. I lis belt is of regulation issue, complete with a dirk effectively the badge of the Imperial Russian Airforce. Black pilots' caps or peaked caps, both piped red, were widely worn, although British field caps were especially favoured. Some pilots had the new red star badge, but more common were badges taken from discarded shoulder-boards. These were of two main types: a brass or oxidised-silver propeller with wings (nicknamed the utka, or duck), and the old Imperial double-headed eagle (known disrespectfully as the kuritsa, or chicken) with sword, flaming grenade and propeller; the crown on the eagle had been removed after the Tsar's abdication in March 1917. The same badges were worn on sleeves or could be pinned on Red Army chest badges. The medal is the Order of the Red Banner, worn on a scarlet silk rosette. In the air, leather flying helmets and goggles of all imaginable types and styles were worn, often with white silk scarves.

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