The Front

The highest operational unit of the Red Army was t! Front, the first of which was created in June 1911 Each Front was given a geographical name, and usual comprised between two and five field armies as well detached forces, reserve units, specialist troops an administrative bodies. From mid-1919, when more cal airy became available, Fronts began to include enti cavalry corps and cavalry armies.

The Northern Front was established in Septembl 1918 and operated on the Vologda-Archangelsk-Ko:.| line, in an attempt to prevent White and foreign unl in the north from linking with those in the east. February 1919 it was incorporated into the Westcl Front, which covered what was considered the ma important part of the Soviet border, facing the I3a : states and Poland. The Ukrainian Front operated frir January to June 1919 against Ukrainian national'.-S Whites and Poles, and in the Crimea against foretc interventionist forces.

I "nnt existed from 11 September m i'd in large-scale operations against . to the Azov Sea. On 10 January i'd the South-western Front. It tln-rc treating armies and then took part nd. The 2nd Southern Front was the last White stronghold in Europe . h it achieved in November 1920. • - in region contained a large number ■ which operated for the duration of ithers, notably the Turkestan Front, c. and were eventually transformed irmanent Okrugi ('.Military Districts). ■ -Caucasian Front existed from 8 H* u» 13 March 1919 and was disbanded Front. The Turkestan Front (14 4 June 1926) had a wide remit in Uter the defeat of the Whites was ridic fighting with Muslim rebels.

ront fought the Czechoslovak Legion - • n in the Urals and Siberia, and was J uary 1920. The war in the Soviet Far . most as a separate conflict, and gener-t Fronts as well as an independent it on, the People's Revolutionary Army fj rn Republic. The FF.R F.astern Front x December 1921 to 2 May 1922, where • resistance from White partisans and Japanese interventionist forces from

Army/field army (Armiya) There was no rigid structure for an army at the beginning of 1918; armies had an ad hoc character and were commanded by elected leaders. Only in June 1919, after the introduction of conscription, did regular field armies begin to appear, followed soon after by reserve armies and even labour or food provision armies. Kach field army had between two and nine divisions, and between 12,000 and 50,000 men. On occasion, fleets were temporarily subordinated to field armies.

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