mm relied on their pistols as a primary weapon and used the 'caracole' whereby each rank fired, then retired to reload. The Swedish charged home using their swords as the primary weapon and the pistol as secondary. This return to strongly offensive action was the result of Gustavus' campaign experience fighting Polish cavalry, and gave him a strong advantage until his opponents copied it. This advantage was increased by another innovation: the Swedish practice of mixing detached bodies of musketeers with cavalry squadrons to give fire support immediately before they charged.

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