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Civil War Officer Sketches
Above: Trained Band officers. These sketches are from engravings c.1635 on the brass clasps of the Great Vellum Book of the Honourable Artillery Company. The upper two are commision officers, the lower pair, a sergeant and an ensign.

sort' who might turn their weapons on the wrong people.

As to the arming of these soldiers, 'every Captain is to charge Armes in his respective hundred or precinct, equally and impartially, according to the value of each man's lands or means, whether the owners be there resident or not. And no Armes are to be allowed of but compleat ones, and of the best modern fashion'. The Crown required a certain number of men from the county; the Lord Lieutenant of the county gave the task to one of his Deputy Lieutenants who would divide the responsibility within the county; and local officials finally made a fair assessment. This was a theory open to a good deal of abuse where friends were favoured with lower assessments and enemies or those who offered too small a bribe found themselves over-assessed.

Command of the Trained Bands was given to men of local influence and the position carried considerable prestige. This had advantages when it

The Places of Dignity in Rank and File. These places of dignity or positions of seniority in the file were important in a tactical sense, with experienced men in key positions, and the less experienced between them. With the exception of the two flanking soldiers—usually corporals—the places of dignity in rank were less important. The chart shows the seniority for files ten, eight or six deep.

The VIdees of Vi i 21 PUces 0

JWcj zfZngKity ou not to be regulated

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Union Army Rank Chart

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Observations

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