Captain Abner Doubleday and Private US Artillery

There were some men, North and South, who quailed at firing the first shots of the war. Captain Abner Doubleday was not such a man, and when Confederates opened fire on Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861, he was only too delighted to fire the Union's first shot. He would rise to become a general, although he did not enjoy a distinguished career. Doubleday appears here as a captain in the U. S. Artillery, as betokened by the red trouser stripe and the color of his shoulder strap. The crossed cannon insignia on the kepi of the private next to him also denotes the artillery. They stand inside one of Sumter's casemates, ready to fire on the Rebel Ironclad Battery, where old Edmund Ruffin himself fired one of the war's first rounds. Doubleday's uniform would not change markedly when he left the Regular Army and accepted his volunteer commission.

Union Artillery Officers' Uniforms and Equipment

The artillery branch-of-service color was used as background for shoulder straps, piping for coats and trousers. Crossed cannon insignia, both embroidered and stamped metal, was used to indicate the branch on headgear. There does not appear to be any distinction made between light and heavy artillery insignia.

1 Slouch hat of Second Lt Levi J Homan, Ermantrout's Independent Company of Pennsylvania Artillery

2 Frock coat of First It. Florance Grugan, 2nd Pennsylvania Artillery

3 Grugan's trousers

4 Grugan's short |acket

5 Forage cap of Capt. J Henry Sleeper, 10th Massachusetts Battery

6 Forage cap of Second Lt. George W. Webb, Battery F, Independent Pennsylvania Artillery

7 Webb's frock coat

8 Webb's vest

9 Unidentified forage cap

10 Grugan's brass spurs

11 Grugan's field chest

12 Top shelf of item 11

13 Giugan'ssash

14 and 15 Tin box with epaulettes for 3rd Regiment

16 Grugan's holster belt

17 and 18 1840 officer's light artillery saber

19 Saddle valise of Lt. George W Taylor,

4th MA Battery

20 1862 Colt revolver

21 Officer's haversack

22 and 23 German sword of Edwin A. Evans

24 Embroidered insignia

25 Strap insignia of Capt Josiah Meigs, 2nd U.S. Colored Artillery

26 Insignia of Lt Taylor

27 Metal variant insignia

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