Sometimes volunteer Confederate outfits combined their own uniform regulations with those of their enemy's. One result is seen here with this captain of Rutledge's 1st Tennessee Light Artillery, who is wearing both collar insignia and epaulettes (shoulder straps), each carrying badges of his rank. The style of his cuff facings is also different from prescribed design. In time, and thanks to the idiosyncratic nature of Confederate uniforms in general, men and fellow officers came to recognize and accept almost all such differences. Indeed, it made for a colorful variety in the command structure of a Rebel army.
Especially unusual in an artillery officer is the broad-brimmed hat worn in the place of the customary kepi. Units from west of the Alleghenies generally showed more variation in hat and uniform styles, but by the war's end the only thing they all had in common was tatters.
Below: Gallant young Tennesseeans like these members of Captain A. M. Rutledge's battery, Nashville, July 4, 1861, were the heart and soul of Johnston's Confederate army.
Artifacts courtesy of The Museum at the Conledei ncy. Richmond, Va
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