The Confederate officer was no different from his Federal counterpart when it came to comfort, and in the early months of the war, he too tried to be prepared for any situation. But, the first hard campaign usually convinced him that he needed only the bare essentials, and many of the luxuries were discarded or sent home, although the general's desk (31) is a reminder that even with the bullets flying the paper war still had to be fought!
1 Frock coat of Brig. Gen. James Connor
2 Connor's English Model 1822
3 Camp chair used by General Robert E. Lee, 1863
4 Boots of J. T McKenna
5 Bourbon whiskey bottle
6 Walnut wine chest
7 Ammunition box
8 Wooden trunk of Gen. Joseph E Johnston
9 10 Saddle roll and valise
11 Leather brogans
12 Leather dressing case
13 Belt and plate of Capt. William A Wright
14 Colt 1860 Army revolver of Dr. H. H. McGuire
15 Boot puller
16 Boot remover
Artifacts courtesy of The Museum of the Confederacy Richmond Va
20 21 22
Boot puller Dressing case of Ma]. Gen. Robert Ransom. Jr. Field glass of Gen P G. T. Beauregard Cavalry gauntlets Officer's sash Hat of Capt. John M. Hudgins, 30th Virginia Infantry Confederate tobacco Carved dogwood pipe Shaving glass of Brig Gen. Henry A Wise
Velvet housewife (sewing kit) of Col. Nathan Davis
27 Wooden inkwell of Governor John Gary Evans of South Carolina
28 Governor Evans's pen
29 Pearl-handled dagger
30 Bone-handled knife
32 Walnut chest of Lt Gen Richard S Ewell
33 Officer's wooden cane
General R. E. Lee and Lieutenant General T. ). Jackson
General Robert E Lee is one of the most respected figures in US military history, having had truly exceptional military and civilian careers. A West Point graduate of the class of 1829, Lee served as an engineer for some years and then took part in the Mexican War, where he won three brevets for gallantry. By 1852 he had risen to the prestigious appointment of Superintendent of the West Point Military Academy, following which, in 1857, he was assigned to a line command in the cavalry. He was at home on leave when John Brown and his insurrectionists stormed the arsenal at Harpers Ferry, but was recalled to duty to take command of the detachment of Marines that captured Brown. Lee was recalled to Washington when the lower southern states seceded in 1861 and offered him the command of the Federal forces, which he declined, going instead with his State of Virginia.
Interestingly, many of the great leaders of the war, though thoroughly professional soldiers, still tended to take a lackadaisical attitude toward their personal uniforms and toward uniform regulations in general. Robert E. Lee, though the third highest ranking Confederate general in seniority and for whom regulations prescribed a wreath around three stars for his collar and elaborate braid on his sleeve, rarely appeared in anything other than the uniform of a colonel. Lee's great subordinate, Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson, was only a little more cognizant of regulations, often appearing in the field in his old U.S. Army jacket and cap from his Mexican War days, although when he did wear Confederate uniform, he did wear the proper insignia.
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