With such a large number of different patterns and variations, the study of Confederate flags has developed into a field of its own. Of particular interest are western theater flags that would not even be identified as Confederate by the layman. To have any grasp of the subject, the reader is referred to the definitive source on the subject: The Battleflags of the Army of the Tennessee, by Howard Michael M. Madaus and Robert D. Needham. Fine specimens exist in the Tennessee, Mississippi and Arkansas state collections, as well as the Museum of the Confederacy. There have been fakes manufactured in the last couple of decades, in some cases using period bunting, and collectors are advised to take extreme caution.
Flag of the 1st Kentucky Brigade, Army of Tennessee , known to history as the "Orphan' Brigade. The unit consisted for most of the war of the 2nd, 4th, 5th, 6th and 9th Kentucky Infantry Regiments, together with a unit of artillery. The brigade saw action in nearly every maior engagement of the western theater, and in that time saw their numbers fall from more than 4,000 to a little over 600
Right: Polk Pattern unit flag, possibly of the 16th Tennessee Infantry. The distinctive battle flag of General Leonidas Polk featured the cross of Saint George, which was also the emblem of the Episcopal Church, of which Polk was the bishop of Louisiana
Hardee Pattern flag of an unknown Confederate regiment. Army of Tennessee. As inscribed on the flag, it was captured at Lookout Mountain, during the Battle of Chattanooga, November 24, 1863, by a soldier of the 149th New York Infantry
A Confederate hospital site designation flag captured at Waynesborough, Virginia, March 1865, by soldiers of the 8th New York Cavalry
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