Union Camp Colors and Field Markers

Field or flank markers were necessary to designate the extremities of a unit's position on the field, particularly in the early stages of establishing a battle line. Constructed of both silk and bunting, a surprising number have survived.

The small size of these colors, usually less than 2 feet by 3 feet (61 x 91cm), made them excellent souvenirs at the time of the Civil War, and has made them equally as popular with present-day collectors.! The state capital in Harrisburg, and I the Civil War Library and Museum in I Philadelphia have excellent examples of Pennsylvania unit field markers.l Specimens also exist in other state collections Confederate forces do] not appear to have utilized such a system of field markers to any great! extent.

Small color of the 99th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry. The red diamond in the center indicates that this regiment was assigned to the 1st Division, 3rd Corps. The blue stripe of the hoist signified that the regiment was part of the 2nd Brigade of that Division This evidence suggests that the color may originate from the time of the Battle of Gettysburg (July 18631, when the regiment served in Sickle's 3rd Corps.

1st Division. 2nd Brigade (under Brigadier General J H Hobart Ward), where it fought in and around Devil s Den continued ►

General Hobart Ward Flag

Camp color of the 56th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, bearing battle honors and trimmed with a gold fringe The battle honors are an unusual application to this type of regimental flag which normally measures only about 18x18 inches (46 x 46cm)

Swallow-tail camp color of the 91st Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry The flag itself is non-regulation in shape, but features a white field in accordance to the regulations of 1836, with the regimental number and abbreviation in the center



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