The photo shows regulation drums from New York, Vermont, and Massachusetts regiments, together with a regulation bugle. As explained earlier, such instruments had a purpose that was as much military as entertainment. All union drummers had distinctive white support straps that made them instantly recognizable. A drum and band major was entitled to wear a white baldrick. This ran from the right shoulder to the left hip and was about twice as wide as a support strap. During postwar decades, civilian musicians adopted the baldrick and it was widely used by them.
When forming for a dress parade, members of a company or regiment usually placed musicians to their right. These specialists, made up of half a dozen or more trained musicians were all-important to the infantry, their instruments being used to convey order on the march or battlefield, and to keep marching men in cadence. Each drummer was required to master at least fifteen general drum rolls plus two dozen sets of rhythms with which they guided men on the march and in combat. In a regiment, the drummer usually had a role secondary to those of men who used wind instruments.
Union General Officers' Uniforms and Equipment
A general officer's rank was designated by the number of stars on his shoulder straps: one star - brigadier-general; two stars - major general; three stars - lieutenant general. Another consistent device was the use of black velvet to line the sleeve cuffs and collar. Regulations specified a buff sash, but many chose to wear maroon sashes, while the swords and sword belts were a matter of personal choice, and some of them were particularly elaborate.
2 Warren's corps badge
3 Warren's forage cap
4 Shoulder strap of Ma|. Gen. Mulholland
5 Mulholland's sash
6 Sherman's frock coat
7 Frock coat of Brig. Gen. C. P. Herring
9 Frock coat of Maj. Gen. R. B Potter
10 Model 1850 sword
11 General's sword belt
12 General Sherman's sash
13 and 14 Sash and belt of Gen. J. F. Reynolds
15 Sword belt of Mai Gen Robert Patterson
17 Cased epaulettes
18 Shoulder straps of Brig. Gen. James Nagle
19 Gold pin of Maj Gen Robert Anderson
20 Gold pin of Maj. Gen Philip H Sheridan
21 Sheridan's saber
22 Sword of Ma| Gen. James B McPherson
23 Sword of Mai Gen. Winfield Scott
24 Militia sword of Mai Gen. George H. Thomas
25 and 26 Thomas' dress chapeau and box
27 Sash of Maj Gen. Truman Seymour
28 Boxed dress epaulettes
Artltacls Courtesy of The Civil War LiOrvyaOdMuseum. Philadelphia Pa 4 7 17 15. 18 75.26 Wast Point Museum West Point NY t-3 B 10. ie. 17. 19 20 2J. Bub Wallet Cwleclw 9_
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