Further reading

Introductory texts

Primer and introductory texts in English on the Spanish Civil War include S. Ellwood, The Spanish Civil War (Oxford: Blackwell/Historical Association Studies, 1991); M. Blinkhorn, Democracy and Civil War in Spain 1931-1939, 2nd edn. (London: Routledge, 1992); A. Forrest, The Spanish Civil War (London: Routledge, 2000); F. Lannon, The Spanish Civil War (Oxford: Osprey Essential Histories, 2002); and P. Preston, A Concise History of the Spanish Civil War (London: Fontana, 1996).


Those looking for a bibliographical essay on the Spanish Civil War can consult the one in Paul Preston's A Concise History of the Spanish Civil War, or his introduction, 'War of Words' in P. Preston (ed.), Revolution and War in Spain 1931-1939 (London: Routledge, 1995). There is also a briefer bibliographical note in Michael Alpert, A New International History of the Spanish Civil War, 2nd edn. (Basingstoke: Macmillan Palgrave, 2003). No detailed military history exists in English, but the essay by Preston surveys the available material. See also M. Alpert, 'The Clash of Spanish Armies: Contrasting Ways of War in Spain 1936-1939', ~War in History, 6: 3 (1999).


For a discussion of the context of purificatory, genocidal, and retributive conflicts in 1920s, 1930s, and 1940s Europe, see Mark Mazower, Dark Continent: Europe's Twentieth Century (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1998); J. Casanova, 'Civil Wars, Revolutions and Counterrevolutions in Finland, Spain and Greece (1918-1949): A Comparative Analysis', International Journal of Politics, Culture and Society, vol. 13, no. 3 (2000); and Istvan Deak, Jan T. Gross, and Tony Judt (eds), The Politics of Retribution in Europe: World War II and its Aftermath (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000).

Civil War histories, memoirs, and novels

M. Alpert, A New International History of the Spanish Civil War, 2nd edn. (Basingstoke: Macmillan Palgrave, 2003) A. Barea, The Forging of a Rebel (autobiographical trilogy) (London:

Fontana, 1984; first published 1946) R. Baxell, British Volunteers in the Spanish Civil War. The British t

Battalion in the International Brigades, 1936-1939 (London: 5

Routledge/Canada Blanch, 2004) S

R. Baxell, H. Graham, and P. Preston (eds), More than One Kind of g Fight: New Histories of the International Brigades in Spain (London: Routledge/Canada Blanch, 2006)

F. Borkenau, The Spanish Cockpit (London: Pluto Press, 1986; first published 1937)

G. Brenan, The Spanish Labyrinth (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990; first published 1943)

R. Carr, The Spanish Tragedy (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1977;

reprinted in 1986 as The Civil War in Spain) P. N. Carroll, The Odyssey of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade (Stanford,

Ca.: Stanford University Press, 1994) J. Casanova, Anarchism, the Republic and Civil War in Spain

1931-1939 (London: Routledge/Canada Blanch Studies, 2005) J. Cercas, Soldiers of Salamis (novel) (London: Bloomsbury, 2003);

original, Soldados de Salamina (Barcelona: Tusquets Editores, 2001) D. D. Collum (ed.), African Americans in the Spanish Civil War: This ain't Ethiopia but it'll do (New York: G. K. Hall, 1992)

C. Ealham, Class, Culture and Conflict in Barcelona, 1898-1937

(London: Routledge/Canada Blanch, 2004) R. Fraser, Blood of Spain: The Experience of Civil War, 1936-39, 3rd edn. (London: Penguin Books, 1988) H. Graham, The Spanish Republic at War 1936-39 (Cambridge:

Cambridge University Press, 2002) H. Graham, 'Spain's Memory Wars', History Today, May 2004 H. Graham and J. Labanyi (eds), Spanish Cultural Studies: An Introduction (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995), especially Part II and Part III

G. Harrison, Night Train to Granada: From Sydney's Bohemia to Franco's Spain - An Offbeat Memoir (Annandale, New South Wales, Australia: Pluto Press, 2002) G. Howson, The Flamencos of Cadiz Bay, 2nd edn. (Westport, CT: The Bold Strummer, 1994; first published 1965) ¡5 G. Howson, Arms for Spain (London: John Murray, 1998) = A. Jackson, British Women and the Spanish Civil War (London: ° Routledge/Canada Blanch, 2002)

'= F. Lannon, Privilege, Persecution and Prophecy: The Catholic Church in ■J Spain, 1875-1975 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1987)

C. Leitz and D. J. Dunthorn (eds), Spain in an International Context 1936-1959 (Oxford/New York: Berghahn Books, 1999)

M. Low and J. Brea, Red Spanish Notebook (San Francisco: City Lights

Books, 1979; first published 1937) E. Moradiellos, 'British Political Strategy in the Face of the Military Rising of 1936 in Spain', Contemporary European History, I, 2 (1992)

E. Moradiellos, 'Appeasement and Non-Intervention: British Policy during the Spanish Civil War', in P. Catterall and C. J. Morris (eds), Britain and the Threat to Stability in Europe 1918-45 (Leicester: Leicester University Press, 1993)

D. W. Pike, Spaniards in the Holocaust: Mauthausen, the Horror on the Danube (London: Routledge/Canada Blanch, 2000)

P. Preston, Franco (London: Harper Collins, 1993) P. Preston, A Concise History of the Spanish Civil War (London: Fontana, 1996)

P. Preston, ¡Comrades! Portraits from the Spanish Civil War (London:

Harper Collins, 1999) P. Preston, 'The Great Civil War 1914-1945', in T. C. W. Blanning (ed.), The Oxford History of Modern Europe (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000)

P. Preston, Doves of War: Four Women of Spain (London: Harper Collins, 2002)

P. Preston (ed.) Revolution and War in Spain 1931-1939 (London:

Routledge, 1995; first published 1984) P. Preston and A. Mackenzie (eds) The Republic Besieged: Civil War in

Spain 1936-1939 (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1996) H. Raguer, The Catholic Church and the Spanish Civil War (London:

Routledge/Cañada Blanch Studies, forthcoming 2006) M. Richards, A Time of Silence: Civil War and the Culture of Repression in Franco's Spain, 1936-1945 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998)

J. Semprún, Literature or Life (London: Viking (Penguin), 1997); t original, L'ecriture ou la vie (Paris: Editions Gallimard, 1994) Í

R. Sender Barayón, A Death in Zamora (Albuquerque: University of 2 New Mexico Press, 1989; 2nd edn., Calm Unity Press, 2003) g

L. Stein, Beyond Death and Exile: The Spanish Republicans in France, 1939-1955 (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1979)

H. Thomas, The Spanish Civil War (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1977) Gamel Woolsey, Death's Other Kingdom (London: Longmans, Green and Co., 1939)


I. GCE list, created in 1996; the main Spanish Civil War website (predominantly in Spanish):


2. Amigos de las Brigadas Internacionales (Spain): www.brigadasinternacionales.org

3. 'For Your Liberty and Ours': multimedia educational programmes produced by the Abraham Lincoln Brigade Archives; Series Editor, Fraser M. Ottanelli (material predominantly in English): www.alba-valb.org (ALBA website)

(i) Jewish volunteers in the Spanish Civil War: www.alba-valb.org/curriculum/index.php?module=1

(ii) African Americans in the Spanish Civil War: www.alba-valb.org/curriculum/index.php?module=2

(iii) Children's art during the Spanish Civil War ('They Still Draw Pictures: Teaching Materials'):


(iv) Teaching the Spanish Civil War: tools for teachers and educators: www.alba-valb.org/curriculum/index.php?module=4

(v) a brief bibliography on the history of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade at:


4. Website of the Asociación para la Recuperación de la Memoria Histórica (Association for the Recuperation of Historical Memory) which has spearheaded the campaign to open Spain's mass war graves

¡5 and identify those buried there (text in Spanish): !jj www.memoriahistorica.org

5. International Brigade Memorial Trust. '= www.international-brigades.org.uk

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