Stcorfa Captain tfnrb Captain Qourtfi Captain to relate to the particular virtues valued by the colonel who chose them. John Lucas in his manuscript London in Arms Displayed described the 'several complcxiouns of military honour' as follows: 'Red: signifieth Justice or a noble and worthy anger in the defence of Religeon or the oppressed, White: signifieth Innocence or Puritie of Conscience, truth and an Upright Integritie without Blemish, Yellow: signifieth Honour or hight of Spirit, which being never separate from Virtue in all things is most jealous of Disgrace and may not endure the least shadow of Imputation, Blew: signifieth Faith, Constancie, Truth and Affection or Honourable Love, Greene: signifieth good Hope, or the accomplishment of Holy or Honourable actions, Orange: signifieth Merit or Disert and is a foe to ingratitude, Black: signifieth Wisdome and Sobriety, toogelher with a sincere correction of too much ambition, Purple: signifieth Fortitude with Discretion, or a most true discharge of and Trust imposed'.

The 'colours' were the responsibility of an officer with the rank of ensign, the most junior of the three commissioned officers in a company. This officer carried them in action or parade but probably not on the march. The flag was a powerful symbol for the company and the regiment, and its loss the worst possible disgrace; for these reasons they were defended with all possible effort, and their capture was the best indication of the seriousness of a defeat.

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