Glossary

Battalion: Eight or fewer companies in an organization generally commanded by a major.

Cloth: When used in a description of period clothing, wool.

Division patches: Cloth plain patches cut in different shapes, each corps receiving a unique shape, i.e. II Corps a clover, and in different colors for each division: red for the first, white for the second, and blue for the third, and green or orange for the fourth.

Falstaff's army: A motley crew of soldiers, nicknamed after the poor soldier, but great partier, Falstaff in Shakespeare's Henry V.

Foraging: Informally searching for needed material, largely food, from local civilian sources, either paying or just taking what was needed.

Forage caps: The undress cap made with a black visor or peak, and a high crown that flopped forward towards the visor, as well as a black chinstrap and side buttons.

Hardtack: A square cracker made from plain flour, water, and salt and slowly cooked. As such it could remain in that form virtually indefinitely, although many would eventually become infested with vermin.

Sack coat: The undress blouse-length coat issued by the US Army for fatigue wear. It was made of a dark blue wool of medium weight, lined with cotton, and had an inside breast pocket, with four buttons down the front and a lay-down collar.

Sibley tents: Indian teepee-style white canvas tents designed by an Army officer named Henry Sibley, which were made with a sheet iron stove and chimney in the center, around which up to 14 men would sleep in a circle.

Skirmish: A skirmish line is an open line sent in front of a regular battle line; also a small battle.

Thermoplastic: A plastic material made from materials including shellac, coloring such as lamp black, and animal blood compressed together.

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