The Orenburg Army

formed in October 1918 and named the Detached Orenburg Army from 28 December, this formation became part of Admiral Kolchak's

An Uzbek Basmachi detachment in the Ferghana Valley, 1922.

An Uzbek Basmachi detachment in the Ferghana Valley, 1922.

Uzbek Basmachi39th Infantry World War Two

British troops in Baku, capital of Azerbaijan, in 1918, wearing tropical uniforms. The 39th Infantry Division arrived from Iran on 17 November and its commander, Maj.Gen. W.M. Thomson, proclaimed himself military governor of the city. The British presence in the Central Asian provinces was aimed at protecting India and investments in the oil industry in the Middle East.

ki - after November 1918). It was initially composed of two corps: 1st ^■n >urg Cossack Corps (1st and 2nd Orenburg Cossack Divs.); and Orenburg Cossack Corps (4th and 5th Orenburg Cossack BwDns).

|(>'i 23 May 1919 the Orenburg Army was re-formed and called (lie Hpuhern Arrnv', after acquiring two new corps: 4th Orenburg Cossack I (2nd Syzran Rifle Div. and 5th Rifle Div.); and 5th Sterlitamak I - (9th Sterlitamak Div. and 10th Verkhne-Uralskava (Upper Urals) ^■w 'tain Rille Division). I >u 18 September 1919 the name 'Orenburg Army' was restored. H n joined by the 3rd Army Corps and the Stepnava Army Group, the

■ became known as the Moscow Group of Armies on 10 October B ■ under the command of I.t.Gen. K. Sakharov. It now contained: m Orenburg Cossack Corps (1st and 2nd Orenburg Cossack Divs.); 5th B litamak Corps (composition as above); 4th Orenburg Corps (as e, with the addition of 1st Detached Orenburg Cossack Bde); and id Yaeetskv Corps (21st Vaeek Rifle Div. and 29th Orenburg Cossack ^r^iment).

Within a month of this reorganisation, however, the Moscow Group \rmies was destroyed bv the Red Army. Its survivors joined Ataman

■ s Annenkov's troops. At the end of 1919 Admiral Kolchak formed b Detached Semirechensk Army under Annenkov's command. This I aided the remnants of the Orenburg Army and Annenkov's own - rtisan Division (10,000 men strong). After further defeats by Red

><ips in March-April 1920, this formation and its commander left * issia for China.

Annenkov's partisans had their own unique insignia dating back to •15, when Annenkov had been fighting the Germans. At that time his tachment had a skull-and-crossbones device on their cockades, ttons and sleeve patches. Annenkov later had his men wear black hevrons on the right sleeve - one for each year of service, and black-er-red chevrons on the left sleeve (each regiment of his 'Partisan

British troops in Baku, capital of Azerbaijan, in 1918, wearing tropical uniforms. The 39th Infantry Division arrived from Iran on 17 November and its commander, Maj.Gen. W.M. Thomson, proclaimed himself military governor of the city. The British presence in the Central Asian provinces was aimed at protecting India and investments in the oil industry in the Middle East.

A unit of Antonov's Partisan Army, 1921. Antonov's troops wore red identification signs. These were normally seen in the headgear and took the form of a ribbon, ribbon-bow or rosette, though in field conditions these often became untidy. According to a secret report by Red Army intelligence, the Antonovtsi had an extensive system of rank insignia based on red cloth shapes which were worn on the left sleeve. (For example: section commanders were to wear a single stripe; platoon commanders two stripes; regimental commanders three triangles; divisional commanders a single diamond; and army commanders two diamonds.) This is the only photo that may show one of these rank insignia - worn by the section commander (seated at the extreme right), who has a red stripe on his papakha fur hat instead of on his left sleeve.

Division' had these chevrons piped in regimental colour). Annenkcn personal bodyguard convoy wore a flamboyant hussar-style uniform consisting of a black peakless cap with white piping, a short blat • gymnasterka of hussar style, a white pelisse trimmed with black fur, and black leather breeches with silver hussar knots and silver side stripes Their leather equipment was Caucasian in style.

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