District of Columbia

Potomac Light Infantry: Formed in 1R38 in Georgetown, a small tow n west of Washington City die Potomac Light Infantry was at company strength in 1861. It went on active Federal servic* Ibr three months in iltbi, when it was armed with a plethora of weapons ranging from converted flintlocks io M1855 rilled muskets. The uniti uniform was a plain dark blue frock coat with white fringed epaulettes; dark blue trousers; a French-style dark blue kepi with a white band around 1 he bottom and white piping up the sides and (lie from

Army Uniform 1853

and back. When in Federal scrvice ii received US Army regulation uniforms.

President's Mounted Guard Formed in 1853, (he tit lit saw three months' active service in the Union army as C'api. Samuel ( hven's Independent Company of Cavalry. Uniforms included M1851 shakos with orange over w hite cock feather plumes for officers, and pompons and tiili crossed sabre cap badges lor enlisted men. Officers wore dark blue frock coats trimmed with gold; enlisted men had yellow on the collars and cutis; and al! ranks wore dark blue trousers.

Georgia

Atlanta Greys: This prc-wai 1111 it saw service in the Confederate army as Co,F, 8th Georgia Infantry. Its uniforms included US Army dress caps, grey coatees with black and gold lace trim, and grey trousers with a black stripe. Central City Blues: During the Civil War, this company served as Co.H. 12th Georgia Infantry. Its uniform included dark blue kepis with a scarlet band around the bottom, and dark blue single-breasted fr<k k coats with a scarlet standing collar. Officers weii marked not only by US Army-type shoulder straps, bin also In the older st\!e of gold chevrons worn points down on each sleeve above the ell >nw A second lieutenant wore four such chevrons,

Chatham Artillery: Formed in 1786 in Savannah, the unit served as Capt. Joseph Claghom's Battery in the Confederate Army. Its dress uniform consisted of black chapmux-de-bms with a starlet plume; dark blue coatees with scarlet standing collars, culls, and turnbacks, The coats were decorated with gold lace herringbone chevrons fin the chest, skirts, and cufls. Officers wore gold epaulettes, while enlisted men wore wings, frousers were dark blue with a gold stripe down each leg lor officers and a red one for enlisted men. Waist belts were while, and all ranks carried light, almost straight swords. In i8t>i tor fatigue purposes, the unit adopted dark gre\ trousers with a red cord on the outer seam and black felt hats, worn with the earlier plain dark blue, single-breasted frock coats. Die cap bad tic consisted of brass crossed cannon

Guards Officer Frock Coat

DrliiJ qf a photograph taken in i8hi of ihc Sumlrr tight Guard« as ihty were mostrred into «min a* Co.K. 4th Georgia ldfanlry.il» uniforms are dark blur, with sky blur or white shoulder straps and nousrr stripes. Officrrs and SCO« wear sing]r4>rrastrd frock coats, while other ranks wear waiM-lenglb jackets. The brass Letters 'SLG' «re worn 00 the rap fronts. [Library of Congress)

DrliiJ qf a photograph taken in i8hi of ihc Sumlrr tight Guard« as ihty were mostrred into «min a* Co.K. 4th Georgia ldfanlry.il» uniforms are dark blur, with sky blur or white shoulder straps and nousrr stripes. Officrrs and SCO« wear sing]r4>rrastrd frock coats, while other ranks wear waiM-lenglb jackets. The brass Letters 'SLG' «re worn 00 the rap fronts. [Library of Congress)

over a wreath thai enclosed the letters 'CA* over the date 178b.

Drivers wore dark blue satinet singlr-breasted jackets; lite collar and cuffs were scarlet with yellow braid and a yellow tuft was worn on each shoulder. Trousers were the same as those worn b\ the rest of the unit.

Gate City Guards: Known as Co.f . i si Georgiia Infantry during the war. the unit wore Mi851 US Army shakos with white plumes tipped with red; dark blue coatees with scarlet facings; and light blue trousers with a scarlet stripe down each leg. Georgia Hussars: Tracing their ancestry back t" a unit of mounted rangers raised in t7;-j;i, the Georgia Hussars took their present name in 1816. During the Civil War, iheir first company, after a brief service with the 6th Virginia Cavalry, w as designated Co.F, Jeff Davis Legion, The second company became Co.D. 2tid Bit., Georgia Cavalry , fodav, their battle honours are maintained both by

6th Virginia Cavalry

Hamilton M< I)r\il Hraurh, a mrmbfr of Sa\ jn/i^h. Georgia, high soorly,wr«ri ihrdirli blur and hulT dress uniform of the Oelethorpe Light Infantry. Founded in Savannah in 1856. the unit formed both Co.A, 8th Georgia Infantry, and Co.H, 1st Georgia Infantry The tlrrss tthako badge includes the £tate coal oiirm» and letters 'OL1' within a wreath. The coat collar is black velvet, which was embroidered with gold laurel branch?* for officers and NCO*. Trousers were dark blue with a hufT stripe. (Herb I'eck Jnr, Collection]

Hamilton M< I)r\il Hraurh, a mrmbfr of Sa\ jn/i^h. Georgia, high soorly,wr«ri ihrdirli blur and hulT dress uniform of the Oelethorpe Light Infantry. Founded in Savannah in 1856. the unit formed both Co.A, 8th Georgia Infantry, and Co.H, 1st Georgia Infantry The tlrrss tthako badge includes the £tate coal oiirm» and letters 'OL1' within a wreath. The coat collar is black velvet, which was embroidered with gold laurel branch?* for officers and NCO*. Trousers were dark blue with a hufT stripe. (Herb I'eck Jnr, Collection]

Georgia National Guard Aviation Maintenance Company and an association that is not part of the serving military.

' I he unilbrm worn since tSifi includes midnight blue cloth helmeis with .1 white horsehair plume, silver peak band, spike, ami ueek protector, The cap badge featured the state seal on a gold sunburst. The jacket was midnight blue with five rows of silver bell buttons connected across the chest with vertical rows of silver lace; ii featured two slit waist pockets edged ^v i! 11 silver lace and a silver star, and the standing collar was trimmed in the same way. A silver lace Austrian knot was worn on each cull, while silver lace \%as used also to decorate the back ol the jacket, hussar-style. Silver epaulettes were worn on each shoulder. Trousers were midnight blue with two broad silver stripes. Waist belts were black with a state seal belt plate. Il te unit was armed with M1859 Sharps' carbines and M1833 dragoon sabres.

Gilmer Blues: Formed shortly before the w ar, the unit became Co.K., 6th Georgia Infantry in 1861.

Their uniform included a dark blue képi: dark blue single-breasted frock coat with a single gold lace buttonhole on each side ol the standing collar, and three buttonholes 011 each cuff", each piped in while Gold epaulettes were worn for till! dress and trousers were dark blue.

Governor's Horse Guards Formed in the state capital of Milledgeville. the unit saw Confederate service Co.A ol the cavalry battalion of Phillips Legion. Unit members received new uniforms in January i860 consisting of rlark blue jackets with five rows of 1(111 bullet buttons down the from, and gold lace trim on the standing collar, back seams, and cuffs. Trousers were a matching dark blue, with a gold stripe down each leg for officers and a red siri|Kj for enlisted men.

Griffin Light Guards During die Civil War, this unit's active service was as Co.B, =,th Georgia Infantry. I is uniform included blue cloth caps with while plumes: blue Irock coats with three rows of brass buttons, silver lace trim, and blue epaulettes. Officers had single-breasted frock coats. Trousers were also blue, apparently with a white stripe. La Grange Light Guard: I he unit served .is ( 'o.B. 4ih Georgia Infantry; I S Army ci.uk blue loragt caps were worn, as were ^rcy frock coats : enlisted men may have worn jackets j. The coats and jacket 1 were decorated wilh black pointed n im on each cull 1 and black tape edging the standing collar. A black ; tape buttonhole was worn or each side of the collar, , Trousers were matching grey, with a black stripe, i Liberty Independent Troop: Formed in Liberty \ County in 1791, the unit saw Confederate service as \ Co.G, 51 h ( ieorgia Cavalry. The uniform consisted I of black leather Tarlelon helmets with white t horsehair plumes; dark blue coatees with five row a ofsilver bullei buttons down the front and silver lace y trim on the collar, cutis and across the chest, a Breeches, tucked into black jackboots, were dark blue in winter and white in summer. Theshabraqut s] was dark blue trimmed with red and edged with a w hite. c

Republican Blues: Organised in Savannah in 1)

Dress Blues With Jackboots

Hit CMlw, with its waim-length from and lone tails, was the most popular InditionaJ miliiia style of dress. Most were similar in lerrri s of the false buttonholes on the colldrv the cuff patches worn either alone or, u here, with 'jam-pot' cufFs as w ell; the same type of buttonhole patches on ihr coat tail false pockfls; and ihe difTeeently coloured false turnbacks on the cnat tails, sewn down with an embroidered badge where the points met, this particular example, typical of most roaters. was apparently worn by an NCO of the Chicago Light Guards and is white with blue facmes. ^Chicago Historical Society!

Hit CMlw, with its waim-length from and lone tails, was the most popular InditionaJ miliiia style of dress. Most were similar in lerrri s of the false buttonholes on the colldrv the cuff patches worn either alone or, u here, with 'jam-pot' cufFs as w ell; the same type of buttonhole patches on ihr coat tail false pockfls; and ihe difTeeently coloured false turnbacks on the cnat tails, sewn down with an embroidered badge where the points met, this particular example, typical of most roaters. was apparently worn by an NCO of the Chicago Light Guards and is white with blue facmes. ^Chicago Historical Society!

1808, ihr mm was pan of the ist Regt. Georgia Volunteers and spent most of ihe war guarding the coastline. I heir dress uniforms consisted of M f 1-type shakos with a cock feather plume and a gill state coat »farms over a wreath and letters LRB" on a hexagonal brass cap badge. Dark blue Coatees had gold epauletles lor ofiiccrs, and sk\ blue with a white fringe for enlisted men. The standing collar was trimmed with white piping, and three row s of buttons, one down the centre and one on each side of the sk\ blue plastron; ruffs were also piped white unci small buttons on collars and cuffs were set tin gold braid. Trousers were white cotton in summer and sky blue with a white siri|M' in winter.

Fatigue uniforms included short jackets with shoulder tabs for enlisted men and white piping around the standing collar, epaulettes, and pointed culls. Black musicians wore similar jackets with light blue piping and officers wore plain, dark blue, L S

Army regulation frock coats. All ranks wore dark blue kepis with white piping. I heir sashes were gold, cross belts were white, and vsaisi belts were black.

Upson Guard; During the war this unit's designation was Co.K, 5th Georgia Infantry. The headgear was a dark blue shako with a large brass state coat of arms over the letters 'UG' within a wreath on the front and a yellow pompon. The frock coat was dark blue, with three rows of six buttons down the front, each three being connected by a double row of buff lace: the standing collar was edged in bull lace, as were ihe culls, with three Lice buttonholes on each: bull epaulettes were worn by enlisted men. Trousers were a matching blue with a bull stripe. For latigue, the unit wore plain, dark blue jackets and trousers, and plain kepis with a brass T(i" cap badge.

Washington Artillery. Formed in Augusta in

New York Fire Zouaves

Elmer Ellsworth's UK Zouave Cadets, raised in Chicago in 1H59, started the ronave crtt/e in the USA; here, however. Ellsworth wears the tfifit uniform of his New York Fire Zouaves, the nth New York State Militia, with its dark blue frock com and scarlet képi and trousers. Ellsworth took the Zouave Cadets un lour in i860, but subsequently disbanded the unit and joined Abraham Lincoln's law firm in Illinois thereafter. He retained his military interests, however, being directly responsible for founding the Rockford Zouaves and Springfield Zouave Greys while working as a lawyer. (Library of Congress}

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  • EUGENIO
    Who wore wore the m1833 officers dress tailcoat?
    9 years ago

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