Massachusetts

Boston Light Artillery: The battery volunteered immediately liir federal service on the outbreak ol the war in tfiGi, serving as Capt. Asa Cook's Independent Battery for three months. After being mustered out, most battery members volunteered for three years* service, serving as the 2nd Massachusetts Light Artillery Battery. The uniform included dark blue shakos with red pompons and a brass rap badge with the letter *A" on a red background. The double-breasted grey frock coat-had red standing collars and cufB and brass shoulder scales. Trousers were a matching grey with a red welt dow n each leg. hi 1861 the unit received dark blue jackets with red trim for fatigue wear. Boston Light Infantry Organised in I 7<)8, the company was nicknamed the 'Boston Tigers'. During the Civil War most oft is members went into the 43rd Massachusetts Infantry, which became known as the Tiger Regiment' and served from October iHIjj until July 1863.

In 1861 the unit replaced its earlier uniform with a zouave dress that included a dark bluejacket with yellow or orange cord trimmings 011 the breast, and brass ball buttons on a red background edged with yellow running around the front. Yellow or orange cord also formed pointed culls. The shirt was red with yellow piping around the falling collar forming a bib-line down the front; rind had a single row ol brass buttons down the front. Trousers were dark blue with a yellow snipe, and leggings were white canvas. A red lez with a dark blue tassel and a blue turban was also worn.

Boston Rifle Company: Formed before the war, the unit became Co.D, 3rd Bn. of Rides, Massachusetts, lis uniform was described in the 11 ashington Slur of 11 May 18(11 as: Tigh t blue pants, red shirt, dark grey overcoat, and fatigue cap". Independent Corps of Cadets Originally chartered in Boston in 1741, it was broken up during the War of American Independence and not reorganised until 1 "H<>, During the Civil War it serv ed as the 45th Massachusetts Infantry Rcgt. for three months, as well as in its regular guise as guards for prisoners of war in Fort W arren. In addition, over 150 Cadets served as officers in other active Union units. Today the unit is the 126th Armor. Massachusetts National Guard.

Light Guards Boston

The Boston Light Infantry, known a« the LTtgrr Regiment', wearing their black bearskin busbies with a htur plume on the left and gold tassel tn front; dark blue double-breasted coatees with white epaulettes and 'jam-pot' citfTs; and four gold lace buttonholes t>n each cuff, with two more on each collar side, and dark hlur trousers with a white stripe. They are formed up in the streets of New York City, r.1856. Their cross belt plates bore a tiger's head design. The black waist belts had two-piece belt plate« bearing the stale seal design. New York's City Guard stands at parade rest on the sidewalk facing them. This was a typical scene on festive occasions—tuch as the Fourth of July—in most Large American cities in the years just prior to the Civil War. I S Array Military History Institute

In 1858 the First Company adopted a single-breasted grey eoatee which had a standing collar with a single gold lace buttonhole edged red on each mcIc and brass epaulettes with red fringes. Trousers were matching grey with a red stripe. The chapemt-dt-bras was lopped with a red plume Tor lull dress; the black leather shako had a red pompon on top. and a red and white rosette in front. Belts wen-black. This uniform was replaced by a blue voltigeur uniform in 1864. a dress style that lasted until 1868.

Lawrence Light Guard: Formed in the mill town of Lawrence in 1851, the Light Guard served for three months in 1861 as Co.K, r,th Rcgt. Massachusetts Militia Infantry, In i8t>a the unit enlisted as Co.C, 3<)th Massachusetts Infantry. I he unit today is the Headquarters and Service Co., tn 1 si Engineer Bn_ (Combat), Massachusetts National Guard.

Their unilbrm consisted of black shakos topped with a red over white pompon; light blue coatees with three rows ol buttons and red trim; and light blur trousers with red stripes down the legs. NCQ rhevrons were red.

Mechanic Infantry Serving in 18b 1 asCo.H. 1 si Massachusetts Infantry. The single-breasted coats were dark gre\ with white standing »oUars and pointed culls. White worsted epaulettes were worn, as were white chevrons for NCQs. Trousers were a matching grey with a white stripe. The M1852

The Boston Light Infantry, known a« the LTtgrr Regiment', wearing their black bearskin busbies with a htur plume on the left and gold tassel tn front; dark blue double-breasted coatees with white epaulettes and 'jam-pot' citfTs; and four gold lace buttonholes t>n each cuff, with two more on each collar side, and dark hlur trousers with a white stripe. They are formed up in the streets of New York City, r.1856. Their cross belt plates bore a tiger's head design. The black waist belts had two-piece belt plate« bearing the stale seal design. New York's City Guard stands at parade rest on the sidewalk facing them. This was a typical scene on festive occasions—tuch as the Fourth of July—in most Large American cities in the years just prior to the Civil War. I S Array Military History Institute regulation shako featured the national coal of arms under a white pompon and over the number "1 which, in turn, was over the letter II within a wreath. Waist belts were black, with a two-piece state belt plaie. while cross belts were white. A very elaborate plate, rather like a national shield, was worn with the cross belts.

New England Guard: Founded in i8t j. the New England Guard was designated the .}th Bn., Infantry, Massachusetts Volunteer Militia at the outbreak of the Civil War. h responded to the call for volunteers tor three months' service in 18(12, and was 1 hen designated the 44th Massachusetts Infantry . As such it saw action in North Carolina in late 18b2 early 1863.

lis original uniforms were French chasseur dark blue single-breasted jackets, reaching just Ixiow the waist, with red piping around the standing collar, down the front, and forming pointed culls. A red worsted shoulder knol was worn on each shoulder.

Lawrence Light Guard

Luther C. Lidd. Lowell City (.»Harris, his killed when a mob attacked the 6th Massachusetts Infantry while they were marching through Baltimore, Maryland, on 19 April 18C1. He has one of the first Northern soldiers to die in the Civil War, His unit formed t.o.O of this regiment which did three months* active duly in 1861. The uniform includes an Ml831 shako and dark blue frork com with light blue cufT patches and standing collar. Trousers were also light blue, ¡Author's collection)

The uniform included a scarlet kepi with a dart blue band around the bottom, gold lace running up each side and the front and back; brass letters 'S7 were worn on the cap front. The waist-length jacket was medium blue, with a single row of nine buttons down the front, a row of scarlet braid running on either side of each button across the chest and ending in a knot and button on each side. fh> standing collar and shoulder straps were blue Trousers were matching blue with a line of scarlet

Luther C. Lidd. Lowell City (.»Harris, his killed when a mob attacked the 6th Massachusetts Infantry while they were marching through Baltimore, Maryland, on 19 April 18C1. He has one of the first Northern soldiers to die in the Civil War, His unit formed t.o.O of this regiment which did three months* active duly in 1861. The uniform includes an Ml831 shako and dark blue frork com with light blue cufT patches and standing collar. Trousers were also light blue, ¡Author's collection)

Baggy red trousers were made with a narrow Austrian knot around the pocket Oil on each side. Headgear was a red French kepi with a dark blue band and tup, anrf piping up the sides, front and bai k. Brown leal her leggings were also worn. While on active duty the unit appears to have worn regulation US Army dress. Accoutrements and weapons were of British Army design and were made in Britain.

Salem Zouaves: f ormed in 1805 as the Salem Light Infantr). the unit changed its dress, drill, and name in iHbi as .1 result of the influence of the L S Zouave Cadets. In April i8tit the unit began three months' activt duty as Co.I, 'fih Mass achusetts Volunteer Militia. Hiey saw another three months' service as Go. A, 50th Regt., MYM. in late iBfrt-early 1863, and again as the 13th Unattached Co., MYM, in carl) 1864.

braid down each leg. I his uniform was worn out b\ the end of May i8t>i and for a short time was replaced with a similar grey one.

In June i8fn the unit received a zouave-style uniform consisting of a dark blue jacket with crimson trim; a dark blue vest with a red leather collar: dark blue trousers wiih n scarlet stripe: a scarlet sash: and white cotton gaiters with white porcelain buttons.

. Michigan

Detroit Light Guard Formed as the Brady Guard in 183(1, the Guard was the oldest volunteer militia unit in the st.iic. The uuii saw three month; active service in i8bj as Co.A, isi Michigan Infautn, The unit dress uniform included tail black bearskin busbies with two gold tassels in the from The dark blue coatees had two gold lacr buttonholes or each side of the standing collar and three gold buttonhole patches on each cuff fourfoi officers). Officers' epaulettes went also gold, whilr those for enlisted men were fringed while. IVouser were sk\ blue with a white stripe for enlisted men and gold stripes lbi officers. For fatigue riutic enlisted men wore grey shell jackets with epaulettes, dark blue trousers and dark blue US Army-stylr forage caps. Officers apparently wore dark blm frock coats for fatigue.

1 Mississippi

Mississippi Hifles The unit took the name ofaJ earlier trtnip famed as the volunteers who saved thi Battle o! Buena Vista in the Mexican-American tft

War. I lie new unit saw Conledtiate service as Co.A,null Mississippi Infantry. Its dress included black broad-brimmed lelt bats, dark green track coals with bull lace trim, and dark green trousers with a bull stripe.

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