New York

New York State Guard Buckle

This field grade officer wears the uniform of the 2nd NYSM, a New York City unit which was known as both the State Grenadiers and the State Guard, The unit saw three months' active Union army service in 1861; thereafter it formed the nucleus of the 84th New York Infantry, The uniform includes a dark blue képi with a white hand and the gilt number in front; a dark blue frock coat with sky blue shoulder straps of rank edged in gold; and mazarine blue trousers with a white stripe. This officer wears the regulation L'S Army belt plate; the unit plate was a two-piece design bearing the letters *SG*. (US Army Military History Institute)

This field grade officer wears the uniform of the 2nd NYSM, a New York City unit which was known as both the State Grenadiers and the State Guard, The unit saw three months' active Union army service in 1861; thereafter it formed the nucleus of the 84th New York Infantry, The uniform includes a dark blue képi with a white hand and the gilt number in front; a dark blue frock coat with sky blue shoulder straps of rank edged in gold; and mazarine blue trousers with a white stripe. This officer wears the regulation L'S Army belt plate; the unit plate was a two-piece design bearing the letters *SG*. (US Army Military History Institute)

Albany Burgess Corps: I urmed in Albanv in 1833, the unit was designated Co.R. 251h Regt., New York State Militia NYSM in [861. As such it served three months' active Federal service at the outbreak of the Civil War and again during the Peninsular Campaign in 1 Hl>-_\ Some 75 of its members also accepted commissions in active Union army units.

The unit adopted a version of the uniform worn by the Coldstream ( luard.s black bearskin busbies with a gold tassel, scarlet coatees, and skv blue trousers. S t a IT officers wore dtapraux -de-bras with a feather plume of red over black and a gold cockade. An M1851 shakn was worn with greatcoats. The coatee was double-breasted, with nine buttons bearing the letters 'ABC' within a wreath in each row. ftirnbacks were white with a black pocket patch on each. 1 he "jam-pot" cuffs were also black, with a narrow gold edging. Epaulettes were white worsted for enlisted men and gold for officers; chevrons were white. Trousers were sk\ blue with a gold stripe lor officers and a white stripe for enlisted men in the winter: in the summer trousers were whi te.

Belts were black leather, the officers wearing the regulation New York plate, while enlisted men wore brass rectangular belt plates with clipped corners, the letters 'ABC* in the centre. 'ABC* was also marked in gold on the knapsack flaps.

For fatigue duty, tin- men wore a dark blue single-breasted frock mai with a standing collar mid a dark blue kepi with the state coat of arms in brass. City Guard Reserve: A Brooklyn unit designated the ¿3rd Regt. NYSM, it was formed in 18(11 and saw a month of active Union army duty in July 1863. 11 adopted a grey fatigue unilorm that was virtually identical to that worn l>\ the 7th NYSM Gardes Lafayette: I'or met I from !' tench-speaking inhabitants of New York City, the unit was designated the 55th Regt., NYSM. The uniform was a close copy of iltai worn by French line infantry, with dark blue single-breasted frock coats, dark blue trousers with a red welt down the leg for officers, and black shakos.

Independence Guard formed from several independent New York City companies in the 1840s. the Independence (»uard was designated thr t2lh Regt., NYSM. I'he unit volunteered lor Federal service in April t86t, spending its three month active 'lui\ period in the Washington area. The uniform adopted in 1861 was copied from the French c/tas\rurs <1 pied attire. 11 consisted of a red kepi with a blue band around the base and yellow trim up the sides, front and back. The coat was blue trimmed with red, and the baggy trousers were red. Russet leather leggings were also worn. A photograph of tins uniform appears on p. 22 of MAA tyo Imrrican Ciiil }\'ar Armies (\f): State Troops.

National Greys 1 ormed in Brooklyn in 1847, the unit look the name National Greys in 1857 on the adoption ol a grey uniform lor the entire unit. Its official name was the 1 ^ih Re^t.. NVSM, and it was under this designation that it saw three months" active service starting in April 18b 1. After bcin^ mustered out, mam members returned to active Union army service with the 87th New York Infantry, nicknamed the "13th V\ar Regiment". T he 13th also saw active duty in mid-1862 and again in 1863*

I lie unit had grey dress uniforms, consisting of cadet grey coatees with black epaulettes with white fringes. The standing collar was decorated with two t,rold lace buttonholes, w hile four such buttonholes, worked slash sty le, were worn 011 each cuff. The coatees were double breasted. Black shakos were topped with white pompous, while trousers and belts were white.

I he fatigue unitbrm was more commonly worn during the Civil War, li included grey kepis with a black band around the bottom and a brass '13' worn in front. Black |>i|)injr ran up ihe sides, front and bank of the cups. Jackets ol the same grey as used on L'S Military Academy uniforms, with black mohair binding on the standing collars, black shoulder straps and (nil patches were also worn. Trousers were matching grey with a ri-iti. black stripe. Overcoats were sky blue, with scarlet trimmings and chevrons, while jacket chevrons were black, 1 be belt plate bore the letters 'NG . National Guard of Brooklyn Formed in 1856. the unit was ftrst designated the 72nd Regt., NYSM, changing to the 28th Regt., NYSM in i860.11 served for three months* active Union army service both in i8l>i and 1 HI»4. with another mouth on active serv ice in 1863. The unit's grey unilbrms

7th Regiment Nysm

A private in full marching order of the 6th NYSM; this unit* known as the "Governor's Guard*, saw three months* active service in iStit and another month in 1863. It also formed the core of the 66th New York Infantry. The undress uniform, worn here, was grey wLilh black trim; the weapon in a P1853 KnficLd copy. (Library of Congress;

A private in full marching order of the 6th NYSM; this unit* known as the "Governor's Guard*, saw three months* active service in iStit and another month in 1863. It also formed the core of the 66th New York Infantry. The undress uniform, worn here, was grey wLilh black trim; the weapon in a P1853 KnficLd copy. (Library of Congress;

were almost identical to those worn by the 7th Regt,, NYSM, although, according to the 6 May 1861 H'ashi)i0on Slar, 'of a deeper color'. A dark blue overcoat trimmed with yellow and lined with scarlet was adopted in 1831). In 1861 the unit began wearing black low -crow-tied fell hats for laligueduty and the slate's M t!>(>i 1 apand >ky blue trousers, C )n active duty after 1862 the unit wore regulation L S Army dress.

New York Horse Guards Recruited in New York City, the unit's Co. A saw three months' active Federal service in 1861. The basic uniform was the regulation state one, with a blue cloth dresscap with a yellow horsehair plume; dark blue jacket trimmed with orange lace; and sky blue trousers. Troy Citizens Corps Formed in iH^-,. the unit tq lost most iis mem Iters to various active Union units during the Civil War and suspended its operations in 1864. Reorganised in 1K77, the unit's lineal descendent today is the 105th Infantry' Regt., New York National Guard. Their unilorm consisted of dark green coatees and trousers with black shakos

Ulster Guard Although this unit traces its ancestry to the Trained Band of Wjltwyck which was formed in 1658, it was named the L ister Guard in 1857. As the joth Regt.. NYSM, It served three months' active duty lieginiimg in April 1861. On its return, it was reorganised as the 80 th New York Infantry lot three years' active duty, beginning in October t8(ir. Ii was not actually mustered out until January r 8!>t>, the last regiment of the Armv of the Potomac t<i be deinobilised.

The 71b NYSM chiipUin wort a black double-breasted frock coat, trimmed with * civet at collar and cuffs, black forage cap with the regimental cap badge; and black trousers with a black velvet stripe. (David Scheinmann Collection

The 71b NYSM chiipUin wort a black double-breasted frock coat, trimmed with * civet at collar and cuffs, black forage cap with the regimental cap badge; and black trousers with a black velvet stripe. (David Scheinmann Collection

Last Dresscap

The uniform included a (hill white felt hat*, with the unit designation pencilled on the crown, and a white jximpon; a blue f rock coat; and grey trousers. Utica Citizens Corps An independently chartered company for most of the 19th century, the unit was only briefly a part of the NYS.M. Dress uniforms were dark blue double-breasted coatees, with dark blue epaulettes fringed white gold worn by olhcers.. The standing collar had two gold lace buttonholes on each side, with three gold lace buttonhole patches on each cuff. Trousers were matching blue wiih a gold Stripe, liells were white for enlisted men and black for officers and hussar-style busbies were worn too. Plain dark blue US Army-sty le forage caps, jackets and trousers were worn for fatigue, with sk\ blue greatcoats as needed. Washington Rifles: Designated the 11th NYSM. the regiment served on active dui\ for three months in 1 fit) t. rile regimental dress was the M1H58 New York regulation uniform, trimmed with green and lilac k.

Numbered units la< king titles which served ¡11 the New York State Militia NYSM . but which are not listed here, generally wore regulation state or I S Army uniforms.

2nd Regt Federafiscd as tin Hand New York Volunteers in 1861, the unit served in the Army of die Potomac until mustered out in 18(14. The uniform included dark blue frock coats with a mazarine blue standing collar and pointed cuffs; there were three row s of buttons down the front; the cull lops were edged with white, as was the collar; a single while lace buttonhole was worn on each collar side and brass epaulettes were fringed white. Trousers were mazarine blue with a while stripe down each leg. Except lor this stripe and the lack of Austrian knot on each sleeve, the uniform was very much like that worn by the \merican Guard, belts were while.

izth Regt: The uniforms worn at the start of the war were described in the I I 'asktniikm Stai of 10 May 1861: They yesterday received the new chasseur uniforms, in which they appeared iliis morning at company parade, looking finely. The uniform consists of a bright blur fatigue cap trimmed with white cord, short chasseur coat with slashed skin, the material In ing of dark blue and set off at the seams with white cord. The pants are wide zouave of light grevish blue, made to buckle around the

New York Guard Dress Uniform

The colour guard of the 7th NYSM in fatigue dress. Left and right are rhr regimental general guides, their guidons stuck into the in ii//Irs of their muskets. Centre right is the national colour, while the regimental colour is centre left. The sergeants wear the grey fatigue dress with black trim. (National Archive»)

The colour guard of the 7th NYSM in fatigue dress. Left and right are rhr regimental general guides, their guidons stuck into the in ii//Irs of their muskets. Centre right is the national colour, while the regimental colour is centre left. The sergeants wear the grey fatigue dress with black trim. (National Archive»)

ankle with high zouave leggings', iSce photograph on p. iiii of MA A 190, American Cittil War Armies {-f j: Suite I mops. •

14th Regt: Formed in Brooklyn as the 14th Brooklvu also known as ihe Brnokht) Chasseurs .

the unit served three years in the t nion Army lrom tM()i until till»| as the 84th New Vork Volunteer Infantry. In 18(10 it adopted a uniform consisting of "red pants, while lesgins. Itlue jacket and I j road red chevrons and shoulder knots, and cap with blue hand, red ahove and blue top". The jackets were further drscrilird as being dark blue 'with two rows of bell buttons and red breast piece having also a row of bell buttons'. Red trousers were worn as a unilbrm disiinction long after the resi of the uniform had disappeared. the uniform is shown in Plate C3. MAA The Army of the Potomac. 51st Regt: Organised in 1851, the regiment provided mam officers for active volunteer US Arms units. The unit's uniform prior to 1864. when it received regulation state uniforms, is unclear. However, Co. A wore a zouave-style dress ol the best army blue cloth, trimmed Willi scarlet. The jacket is a neat lit , . . with it single but ton at the throat. . . . I he scarlet trimming has a gilt cord on

Roughing it in thr field in r86rj is this group from the zznd NYSM. The //nil, known as the In ion Grey», saw active service for three months in 1861 and for a month in 1862. Note the red and blue kepis with white trim, 1 Library of Congress

Roughing it in thr field in r86rj is this group from the zznd NYSM. The //nil, known as the In ion Grey», saw active service for three months in 1861 and for a month in 1862. Note the red and blue kepis with white trim, 1 Library of Congress

Austrian Knot Uniform

Gilbert Marburt, .1 17-year-old drummer with C-o.il. nod M'SM. wears his unit'* dress uniform in 1862. The cap, coat, and trousers were grey with red lace trim, collars and tuffs: musicians wrre distinguished by bars across tiie chest. The trousers had a red stripe. Die- company letter was worn on the cap front and belt plate. 1 Library of Congress)

Gilbert Marburt, .1 17-year-old drummer with C-o.il. nod M'SM. wears his unit'* dress uniform in 1862. The cap, coat, and trousers were grey with red lace trim, collars and tuffs: musicians wrre distinguished by bars across tiie chest. The trousers had a red stripe. Die- company letter was worn on the cap front and belt plate. 1 Library of Congress)

tin* inside edge. I he pantaloons are capacious, and have a broad stripe at the sides. The shirt, which is made to serve as a fatigue uniform, is of navy blue cloth, with a neat braid ornament ovei the breast. The cap is tin- regulation style, and trimmed with scarlet. At the w aist. a crimson s;ish is worn, around which the neat white belt is fastened". 65th Regt: Formed in Buffalo, the unit saw a month's Federal service in 18(13 and went on active duty in tflfi | until the end of the war as the liijth New York Infantry. The unit wore black felt dress hats with white plumes, dark blue frock coats, and grey or white trousers, with white belts for infantry. The unit's artillery battery was armed with a light artillery sabre, while the cavalry company wore leather helmets with while plumes; dark blue jackets; and grey trousers.

69th Regt Formed in New York City as the jnd Irish Volunteers in 1851, it served ai First Bull Run and later many of its members joined the 69th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment. I'oday it is the 165th Infantry, New York National Guard, The uniform was the standard New York uniform except for Co.K, which wore a zouave uniform described in the VWt York Herald of 2 3 May 1 KG t as 'a loose navy blue jacket fringed with red and pantaloons ol a bluish gray'. For the officer's uniform, see Plate (¡'¿, MAA 190, American Civil I f 'ar Amies (4): Slat, 'Ttvops. \

70th Regt: Formed in Brooklyn in itfyf. most oj th< unit's members went into the 51I1 New York Artillery Ret;t. during the Gi\ il W ar. There was no regimental uniform; some companies wore lancer uniforms and others hussar uniforms, with the band being mounted as well.

72nd Regt: Formed in Bull a loin 1^54. the unit mv active duty in 1863 for two months. Many unit memln'rs. however, volunteered for I'nion army duty in the -1 si New York Infantry. The uniform included black tell caps with white pompons, dark blue coatees trimmed with buff, and matching blue trousers with .1 buff sn ipe.

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