Where to Learn More

Burton, David H. Clara Barton: In the Service of Humanity. Westwood, CT: Greenwood Press, 1995.

Dubowski, Cathy East. Clara Barton: Healing the Wounds. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Silver Burdett Press, 1991.

Hamilton, Leni. Clara Barton. New York: Chelsea House, 1987.

National Park Service. Clara Barton National Historic Site. [Online] http://www.nps.gov/clba/ (accessed on October 8, 1999).

Oates, Stephen B. A Woman of Valor: Clara Barton and the Civil War. New York: Free Press, 1994.

Rose, Mary Catherine. Clara Barton: Soldier of Mercy. Champaign, IL: Gar-rard Press, 1960. Reprint, New York: Chelsea Juniors, 1991.

Stevenson, Augusta. Clara Barton, Founder of the American Red Cross. New York: Macmillan, 1982.

Pierre G. T. Beauregard

Born May 28, 1818 St. Bernard Parish, Louisiana Died February 20, 1893 New Orleans, Louisiana

Confederate general Southern hero of Fort Sumter and First Bull Run

Born May 28, 1818 St. Bernard Parish, Louisiana Died February 20, 1893 New Orleans, Louisiana

Jos Alencar

Pierre G. T. Beauregard was a key figure in many of the South's early Civil War victories. He led the conquest of Fort Sumter that actually started the war, and he helped guide the Confederacy to victory in the first major battle of the conflict in July 1861, the First Battle of Bull Run (also known as the First Battle of Manassas). But his war record ended up being a controversial one. For example, some critics believe that his decisions at the Battle of Shiloh (April 1862) prevented the South from gaining a major victory. In addition, Beauregard's arrogance and political scheming made him very unpopular with Confederate president Jefferson Davis (1808-1889; see entry) and some other Southern military and political leaders.

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