— of Ewell's corps launches repeated but unsuccessful attacks on Culp's Hill
1pm: Artillery cannonade begins with
— signal gun at the Peach Orchard
3pm: Pickett's, Pettigrew's and Trimble's
— Confederate infantry advance for attack
(~4 ) 3.30pm: Stannard's Federal brigade attacks flank of Pickett's division
3.45pm: Limit of Confederate infantry attacks at the Angle and clump of trees
5,30pm: Farnsworth's cavalry charge against Confederate right meets with disaster
Two Raids july-august 1863
July IS, 1863
Buffington ■ Island
To support the operations of Confederate General Bragg in the Middle Tennessee, Brigadier General John H. Morgan led 2,500 cavalrymen from Tennessee into Kentucky in early July, 1863. Morgan eluded Federal forces, crossed the Ohio River and entered Indiana on July 8. The raiders then moved east, passing north of Cincinnati, Ohio, destroying railroads and private property, and causing panic throughout the midwest.
Federal pursuit, directed by General Burn-side, was clumsy but ultimately effective, as fatigue slowed Morgan's march. Late on July 18, the Confederates reached Buffington Island, intending to recross the Ohio, but were attacked and scattered the following morning by a Federal force. Badly outnumbered, almost a third of Morgan's men were captured; some escaped across the river, but the majority continued east under Morgan. They surrendered near West Point on July 26 Although they had caused widespread damage, Federal operations were not significantly disrupted.
William Clarke Quantrill was a veteran of the guerilla fighting between free state and slave state forces along the Kansas-Missouri border during the 1850s. After the outbreak of the Civil War, he led a band of partisans in raids on Kansas. In the summer of 1863, he targeted the town of Lawrence. His men considered their raid to be a retaliation for the deaths in August of five women held by Federal authorities in Kansas City who had died when their prison cell collapsed.
On August 19, Quantrill headed west with over 300 men. He crossed into Kansas, arriving on the outskirts of Lawrence near dawn on August 21. Encountering no organized resistance, the raiders burned over 100 homes, looted banks and stores, and killed some 150 male civilians.
Alerted belatedly to the raid, Federal forces m Kansas gave chase, skirmishing with Quantrill's men on the 21st as they headed for Missouri. A brief fight occurred on August 22, but the raiders escaped.
Principally as a result of the Lawrence
Massacre, Federal Thomas Ewing ordered the forced evacuation of four Missouri counties bordering Kansas. This "Order No. 11" made Ewing as infamous in Missouri as Quantrill was in Kansas.
' j July 1,1863: Morgan advances north with 2,500 men; skirmishes briefly with Federal cavalry near Burkesville
'3 July 7-8: Advance force captures ^ steamboats on Ohio at Brandenburg, Main force, having destroyed railroads en route, arrives and crosses river
(2J) July 5: Morgan captures Lebanon after six-hour battle against 380-strong Federal garrison
July 13: Morgan continues across destroying railroad tracks, depots.
\ '-albany Camden
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