Chancellorsville Phase 2 may i 61863

As the Federal army converged on Chancellorsville, General Hooker expected Lee to retreat from his forces, which totaled nearly 115,000. Although heavily outnumbered -with just under 60,000 troops - Lee had no intention of retreating. The Confederate commander divided his army: one part remained to guard Fredericksburg, while the other raced west to meet Hooker's advance. When the van of Hooker's column clashed with the Confederates on May 1, Hooker pulled his troops back to Chancellorsville, a lone tavern at a crossroads in a dense wood known locally as The Wilderness. Here Hooker took up a defensive line, hoping Lee's need to carry out an uncoordinated attack through the dense undergrowth would leave the Confederate forces disorganized and vulnerable.

To retain the initiative, Lee risked dividing his forces still further, retaining two divisions to focus Hooker's attention, while Stonewall Jackson marched the bulk of the Confederate army west across the front of the Federal line to a position opposite its exposed right flank. Jackson executed this daring and dangerous maneuver throughout the morning and afternoon of May 2. Striking two hours before dusk, Jackson's

Confederate dead of Jubal Early's command lie in the rifle pit at the base of Marye's Heights (below). After a long and bloody engagement, Gen. Sedgwick and his three Federal divisions took the Heights with a bayonet charge, thereby diverting Confederate attention from the beleaguered Hooker.

"sing my musket for a crutch, I began to pull away the burning

FOROCOlir^

brushwood, and got some of [the wounded] out. One of the wounded Johnnies... began to help.. We were trying to rescue a young fellow in grey The fire was all around him. The last I saw of that fellow was his face... His eyes were big and blue, and his hair like raw silk surrounded by a wreath of fire. I heard him scream, "O, Mother! O, God!" It left me trembling all over, like a leaf. After it was over my hands were blistered and burned so I could not open and shut them; but me and them rebs tried to shake hands."

Anonymous Union soldier

Federal army assumes a strong defensive position around Chancellorsville

(z) May 1, late gm;. Lee-receives" Hews that Hooker's left is weak, and plafl! attack with Jackson for May 2

(zj May 2,7 am-^ pm: Jackson marches 27,000 troops around Hooker while Lee keeps pressure on'the Federals with the remaining 13,000

(4) May 2,12 noon-5 pm: Sickles's III Corps attempts to attackjackson's column but tangles with Lee's force instead

"' | 'he fierce soldiers with their faces

-L blackened with the smoke of battle, the wounded crawling with feeble limbs from the fury of the devouring flames, all seemed possessed with a common impulse. One long, unbroken cheer, in which the feeble cry of those who lay helpless on the earth blended with the strong voices of those who still fought, rose high above the roar of battle and hailed the presence of the victorious chief [Lee]. He sat in the full realization of all that soldiers dream of - triumph.. As I looked upon him in the complete fruition of the success which his genius, courage, and confidence in his army had won, I thought that it must have been from such a scene that men in ancient times rose to the dignity of gods."

An adjutant riding with Lee.

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"sing my musket for a crutch, I began to pull away the burning

Federal army assumes a strong defensive position around Chancellorsville

(z) May 1, late gm;. Lee-receives" Hews that Hooker's left is weak, and plafl! attack with Jackson for May 2

(zj May 2,7 am-^ pm: Jackson marches 27,000 troops around Hooker while Lee keeps pressure on'the Federals with the remaining 13,000

(4) May 2,12 noon-5 pm: Sickles's III Corps attempts to attackjackson's column but tangles with Lee's force instead

Troop Positions Chancelorsville

met ß Salem Ci Confe

Mine Creek Battlefield

May 2,5.15pm:Jackson routs ihe A'nion XI Corps with a surprise / / attack

' 6 J 9.30 pm: Jackson is acciddntally shot by his own troops; àmmand ^ passes to J.E.B Stuart.

(7) May 3,5-10 am: Lee and Stuart N reunite afiçr à despeïàfe moiiing of i 2.30|HHiJfàc is diverted from attackfig Hooker's' las: lirré.ljtv an urgent message froriffiM^at Fredericksburg,

^ May 3-4: Lee blocks Federal advance: ^ and counterattacks.

Meanwhile, 4 miles east, Sedgwick's VI Corps captures Early's defenses and sets out for Chancdlorsville

May 6: Hooker retreats across the , 7a , river before" Lee can attack

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