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I suppose ere this you have heard that we are having a fight at Yorktown at last... Though the enemy have shelled us for eleven days, they have injured us hardly any; I think we have lost 4 or 5 killed and very few wounded. I have had bombs and Minnie Balls to whistle all around me, but fortunately they did me no harm."

A Georgia infantryman writing home from the besieged Yorktown.

I 'omorrow night I hope to have X twelve new guns and five to ten heavy mortars in battery... I will not open fire unless the enemy annoys us, hoping to get all the guns in battery and the trenches well advanced before meeting with serious opposition."

Gen. McClellan before Yorktown.

On a rainy May 31, 6,000 Confederate soldiers fell during the battle of Seven Pines; one of them was Johnston (above) who was struck by two musket balls and thrown from his horse, breaking a number of ribs. Although he recovered from his wounds, Johnston was temporarily incapacitated and was replaced by the untried Robert E. Lee.

May 31-June 1: Johnston attacks the Federals at Seven Pines but is repulsed and Johnston wounded; Robert E. Lee assumes command after the battle

June 12-15: Stuart's Confederate cavalry rides around McClellan's army, gathering intelligence for Lee's proposed counter-offensive

The Confederates retreating from Yorktown offered fierce resistance to the advancing Federals -necessitating reinforcement by a division commanded by Philip Kearny (below), a gallant and courageous officer who was subsequently killed at Second Manassas.


SIEGE of Yorktown

April 5 May 4, 1862

/yS May $4 night: johntson " evacuates the Yorktown

May 5: Confederate rearguard w under Longstoet fight a delaying action around Fort


( M^; Hi^orces increasingly S-r disonenied-by heavy rains, Longstreet iis .reinforced by D-R Hsil. ftiufederaies hold their positions until evening. .

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