Fort Macon

April 25, 1862

Shakleford Banks

Monitor gets upsteam and places herself between Virginia and Minnesota. Monitor opens fire against Virginia

In trying to maneuver Minnesota runs ^^ aground jO) Action between ironclads continues until Franklin Buchanan, commander of the C.S.S. Virginia, 12.15pm. Virginia withdraws photographed in his U.S. Navy uniform before the war (above). Believing that his native state would secede, Buchanan resigned his commission in 1861; when Maryland did not join the Confederacy, the Secretary of the Navy refused to allow him to withdraw his resignation and Buchanan instead joined the Confederate navy. Wounded by a Union sharpshooter at Hampton Roads, he was not present at the duel between the Virginia and the Monitor.

Y) VSS Mmmac is converted to ironclad CSS Virginia at Norfolk navy yard

March 8, c. 1pm: Virginia enters Hampton Roads and steams toward Cumberland and Congress

Virginia attacks and rams Cumberland twice. Cumberland sinks

Virginia engages Congress and sets her on fire. At 6.06pm Virginia returns to Norfolk

4.10pm: Monitor arrives from New York ^^ and takes up position near Minnesota

Midnight: Congress explodes

March 9, am: Virginia appears off Crane? Island steaming toward Minnesota

I laid the Monitor close alongside the Merrimac, and gave her a shot. She returned our compliment by a shell weighing one hundred and fifty pounds, fired when we were close together, which struck the turret so squarely that it received the whole force... it did not start a rivet-head or a nut!"

Capt. Warden when showing Lincoln around the Monitor.

Y) VSS Mmmac is converted to ironclad CSS Virginia at Norfolk navy yard

March 8, c. 1pm: Virginia enters Hampton Roads and steams toward Cumberland and Congress

Virginia attacks and rams Cumberland twice. Cumberland sinks

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