Miles

been reinforced, Smith retired to Okolona on the 21st. Forrest followed, assailed the Union rearguard, and in the ensuing battle, defeated Smith who hurried back to Memphis.

The Lincoln administration now made plans to occupy Jacksonville and the west bank of the St. Johns River: Lincoln saw the expedition as a step toward the restoration of Florida to the Union, while the military wanted to recruit soldiers into their black units.

On February 5, Brigadier General Truman Seymour's Federals sailed from Port Royal Sound and occupied Jacksonville without opposition. On the 8th, Seymour's cavalry, led by Colonel Guy Henry, struck inland and after twice engaging the Confederates, reached Baldwin. Following a bitter skirmish, Henry crossed St. Mary's River at

FebiS: Gen. Seymour's 6,000 Federals sail from Pori Royal, S. Carolina

Feb 7: Seymour enters St. John's River, lands and occupies Jacksonville

Feb. 8: Federal cavaltv. led by Col. Henry advances inland, skirmishes with Confederates; occupies Camp Finegan

Barber's Ferry, but was opposed near Lake City by some 600 Confederates. Although he outnumbered the enemy, Henry retreated to Barber's Ferry. While awaiting reinforcements, the Confederates advanced to Olustee on the 13th, and threw up earthworks.

On February 20, ignoring orders not to advance beyond Barber's Ferry, Seymour -with 5,500 men set off to capture Lake City. The Confederates, now reinforced to 5,200, intercepted and attacked the Federals near Olustee. The battle continued until dusk, when the Federals retreated to Baldwin. Federal losses were 1,861; Confederates 934.

s : V"V. * J y, ___ _ - Ai jrixd.'j 1 sJ^i^^Z^-^Q ^jT^'j? 1 be lie gi-Mlesi cavdhy leader of the.war, enlisted as a iCtj^S^ * private at \hi outbreak of hostilities hut bad risen to the rank ofptpjpr general by the titn.f of his encounter with

'* * Feb. 10: Henry clashes with "— Confederates at Barber's Ferry; crosses South Fork of St. Mary's River

Feb. 11: Henry contnues toward Lake City; opposed by some 600 Confederates. Retreats to Barber's Fenv

' g Feb. 13: Confederates dig in at W Olustee

' y Feb. 13-17: Union troopers under

^ Capt. Marshall raid Gainsvillc

— I-ake City. Attacked by Confederates in

After the Union defeat the previous day, Banks anticipated further Confederate assaults and drew up his forces in a defensive line at Pleasant Hill. Light skirmishing was succeeded by a full scale Confederate attack in the late afternoon. Initially pushed back, the Federals rallied and counterattacked eventually forcing the Confederates from the field. Union casualties were 1,369, Confederate 1,626.

The U.S.S. Osage (left), part of the fleet which Admiral Porter boasted could operate "wherever the sand was damp " In fact, the fleet came perilously close to being stranded when the Red River's water levels began to fall with unexpected rapidity.

After the Union defeat the previous day, Banks anticipated further Confederate assaults and drew up his forces in a defensive line at Pleasant Hill. Light skirmishing was succeeded by a full scale Confederate attack in the late afternoon. Initially pushed back, the Federals rallied and counterattacked eventually forcing the Confederates from the field. Union casualties were 1,369, Confederate 1,626.

The U.S.S. Osage (left), part of the fleet which Admiral Porter boasted could operate "wherever the sand was damp " In fact, the fleet came perilously close to being stranded when the Red River's water levels began to fall with unexpected rapidity.

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