Mobile Bay Campaign

august 5 -23 1864

On his promotion to Federal General-in-Chief, Grant set himself a number of tasks, one of which was the capture of Mobile, Alabama. This would close one of the two major ports for blockade running left open to the Confederacy.

The attack on Mobile was aimed at the forts at the entrances to Mobile Bay, and on the Confederate naval squadron that included the ironclad ram Tennessee, considered to be invincible. The attack was a joint venture by the Federal army, led by Major General Gordon Granger, and navy, led by Rear Admiral David G. Farragut.

On August 3, Granger's soldiers landed on Dauphin Island, from which they opened fire on Fort Gaines on the 5th. That same morning, Farragut prepared to attack the two forts, the Confederate squadron, and its "infernal machines" - torpedoes. Eighteen ships, including four ironclad monitors, got underway. The monitors in the starboard column, led by Tecumseh, were to pass close to Fort Morgan. The port column consisted of 14 wooden warships lashed together in pairs, with Brooklyn in the lead, trailed by Farragut's flagship Hartford.

Confederate guns opened fire. As Tecumseh closed on Fort Morgan, she ran afoul of the Confederate torpedoes, exploded and sank with heavy loss of life. When Brooklyn seemed to hesitate, Farragut

( i") Aug3,1S64 pm:Granger'sFederaltroopsdisembarkon Dauphin Island

Aug 4, midnight: Granger's engineers emplace guns within 1,200 yards of Port Gaines

" V'l Aug 5, dawn: Granger opens fire on Fort Gaines

; Aug S: Farragut's Federal squadron sails for A—' Fort Morgan

Ha lay ves map contrc

Mine Creek Battlefield

fg} Aug S, "-52am: Hartford takes lea^aikaftfl^am casts w off Metecmti \ \ -

(j\ Aug S, S.ltMUOam! First phase of battle>n^withN®^ capture of one Confcdirae gunboat and one aground


Was this article helpful?

0 0

Post a comment